Reference List

This list includes references used to derive specimen records as well as those with scientific name Marsilea quadrifolia listed in key words.

Results also available in (click to export table to spreadsheet)

REFTypeCut-and-Paste Reference
10764 Journal Article Angelo, A., and D.E. Boufford. 1996. Atlas of the flora of New England: Pteridophytes and Gymnosperms. Rhodora 98(893):79.
10389 Book Beal, E.O., and J.W. Thieret. 1986. Aquatic and Wetland Plants of Kentucky. Kentucky State Nature Preserves Commission, Frankfort, KY.
10113 Journal Article Burk, C.J., S.D. Lauermann, and A.L. Mesrobian. 1976. The spread of several introduced or recently invading aquatics in western Massachusetts. Rhodora 78:767-772.
24369 Database Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health. 2019. EDDMapS: Early detection and distribution mapping system. The University of Georgia, Tifton, GA. Accessed on 01/27/2019.
17933 Web Page Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station. 2008. CAES Individual Lake Results.|. Accessed on 06/23/2008.
35272 Report Connecticut Aquatic Nuisance Species Working Group. 2006. Connecticut Aquatic Nuisance Species Management Plan. State of Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection.
27378 Database Cranberg, C., and R. Keller. 2020. Illinois Database of Aquatic Non-native Species. School of Environmental Sustainability, Loyola University Chicago, Chicago, IL. Created on 05/13/2015. Accessed on 05/06/2021.
29254 Database Damrel, D. (curator). 2011. Clemson University Herbarium (CLEMS). Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
10661 Database Farid, A. (curator). 2018. University of South Florida Herbarium (USF). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.
19670 Web Page Gibbons, J. 2011. The Connecticut Agricultural Extension Station Aquatic Plant Survey Program.|.
10422 Journal Article Gier, L.J. 1955. Marsilea quadrifolia in Missouri. American Fern Journal 45(2):64-65.
35203 Book Goodrich, L.L.H. 1912. Flora of Onondaga County as collected by the members of the Syracuse Botanical Club. The McDonnell Company, Syracuse, NY.
10632 Journal Article Henry, R.D., and A.R. Scott. 1981. Time of introduction of the alien component of the spontaneous Illinois vascular flora. The American Midland Naturalist 106(2):318-324.
10257 Journal Article Hoagland, B.W., and R.L. Jones. 1992. Wetland and riparian flora of the Upper Green River Basin, south-central Kentucky. Transactions of the Kentucky Academy of Science 53(3-4):141-153.
10766 Database Hong-Wa, C. (curator). 2015. Claude E. Phillips Herbarium (DOV). Delaware State University, Dover, DE.
10522 Book Hough, M.T. 1983. New Jersey Wild Plants. Harmony Press, Harmony, NJ.
35273 Web Page Illinois Department of Natural Resources. 2013. Illinois Exotic Species: waterclover Marsilea quadrifolia. Accessed on 04/08/2013.
27712 Database iMapInvasives. 2019. New York iMapInvasives. New York Natural Heritage Program, Albany, NY. Created on 07/08/2015. Accessed on 07/08/2015.
10297 Journal Article Johnson, D.M. 1985. Marsilea quadrifolia and M. vestita in the floras of Kansas and Missouri. American Fern Journal 75(1):28-29.
10762 Journal Article Johnson, D.M. 1986. Systematics of the New World species of Marsilea (Marsileaceae). Systematic Botany Monographs 11:87.
35274 Journal Article Kao, W.-K. and B.-L. Lin. 2010. Phototropic leaf movements and photosynthetic performance in an amphibious fern, Marsilea quadrifolia. Journal of Plant Research 123(5):645-653.
28145 Database Kishbaugh, S.A. 2015. NYS Exotic Aquatic Plant Locations 2015. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Albany, NY.
10390 Book Lellinger, D.B. 1985. A Field Manual of the Ferns and Fern-Allies of the United States and Canada. Smithsonian Institute Press, Washington, DC.
10741 Journal Article Les, D.H., and L.J. Mehrhoff. 1999. Introduction of nonindigenous aquatic vascular plants in southern New England: a historical perspective. Biological Invasions 1(2-3):281-300.
29921 Database Mehrhoff, L.J., J.A. Silander, Jr., S.A. Leicht, E.S. Mosher, and N.M. Tabak. 2003. IPANE: Invasive Plant Atlas of New England. Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT. Accessed on 04/14/2017.
27950 Database Michigan State University Board of Trustees. 2019. Midwest Invasive Species Information Network (MISIN). Michigan State University. Department of Entomology - Applied Spatial Ecology and Technical Services Laboratory, East Lansing, MI.
37885 Database MI-EGLE. 2022. Unpublished MI-EGLE Monitoring Data (2 spreadsheets).
703 Journal Article Mills, E.L., J.H. Leach, J.T. Carlton, and C.L. Secor. 1993. Exotic species in the Great Lakes: a history of biotic crises and anthropogenic introductions. Journal of Great Lakes Research 19(1):1-54.
10342 Book Mohlenbrock, R.H. 1986. Guide to the vascular flora of Illinois, rev. ed. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale and Edwardsville, IL.
37628 Report Monfils, A.K., R.A. Hackett, and B.C. Cahill. 2018. Proceedings of the Aquatic Invasive Plant Species Stakeholders Workshop. Central Michigan University, Mount Pleasant, MI.
28831 Database New Jersey Invasive Species Strike Team. 2018. Interactive map. Friends of Hopewell Valley Open Space, Pennington, NJ. Accessed on 01/30/2019.
13671 Book Ogden, E.C. 1974. Anatomical patterns of some aquatic vascular plants of New York. Volume Bulletin 424. The University of the State of New York, State Education Department, Albany, NY.
10518 Database Pennsylvania Flora Database. 2011. Pennsylvania Flora Project. Morris Arboretum at the University of Pennsylvania (MOAR), Philadelphia, PA.
31186 Database Reznicek, AA, E.g., Voss, and B.S. Walters. 2011. Michigan Flora Online. University of Michigan Herbarium, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI. Accessed on 01/01/2018.
28331 Database SEINet Portal Network. 2021. Southwest Environmental Information Network. Symbiota Software Project, Arizona State University, Phoenix, AZ. Accessed on 04/17/2021.
28481 Journal Article Serviss, B.E., and J.H. Peck. 2008. New and noteworthy records of several non-native vascular plant species in Arkansas. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 2(1):637-641.
10346 Book The Great Plains Flora Association. 1986. Flora of the Great Plains. University Press of Kansas.
25944 Database Ueda, K., J. Belmonte, A. Shepard, P. Leary, and S. Loarie. 2021. California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, CA. Accessed on 11/23/2021.
18407 Database University of Minnesota. 2021. J. F. Bell Museum of Natural History Herbarium (MIN). SEINet Data Portal. Accessed on 05/06/2021.
24843 Database Unknown. 2002. Erie Canal Database.
17521 Database USDA, NRCS. 2016. The PLANTS Database. National Plant Data Team, Greensboro, NC. Accessed on 04/08/2016.
29265 Database Vincent, M. (curator). 2014. W. S. Turrell Herbarium (MU). Miami University, Oxford, OH.
10519 Report Voss, E.G. 1966. Checklist of aquatic vascular plants of Michigan. The University of Michigan, Herbarium.
10724 Book Yatskievych, G. 1999. Steyermark's Flora of Missouri, Vol 1. The Missouri Dept of Conservation, Jefferson City, MO in cooperation with the Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St Louis, MO.
10059 Journal Article Zenkert, C.A. 1934. The flora of the Niagra Frontier region. Ferns and flowering plants of Buffalo, N.Y., and vicinity. Bulletin of the Buffalo Society of Natural Sciences 16(i-x):1-328.


The data represented on this site vary in accuracy, scale, completeness, extent of coverage and origin. It is the user's responsibility to use these data consistent with their intended purpose and within stated limitations. We highly recommend reviewing metadata files prior to interpreting these data.

Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2023]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [5/28/2023].

Contact us if you are using data from this site for a publication to make sure the data are being used appropriately and for potential co-authorship if warranted.

For general information and questions about the database, contact Wesley Daniel. For problems and technical issues, contact Matthew Neilson.