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Cut-and-Paste Reference:
Mills, E.L., J.H. Leach, J.T. Carlton, and C.L. Secor. 1993. Exotic species in the Great Lakes: a history of biotic crises and anthropogenic introductions. Journal of Great Lakes Research 19(1):1-54.
Reference Details:
Reference Number: 703
Type: Journal Article
Author: Mills, E.L., J.H. Leach, J.T. Carlton, and C.L. Secor
Date (year): 1993
Article Title:Exotic species in the Great Lakes: a history of biotic crises and anthropogenic introductions.
Journal Name: Journal of Great Lakes Research
Volume: 19
Issue: 1
Pages: 1-54
Keywords: Great Lakes, Petromyzon, Eubosmina, Skistodiaptomus, Eurytemora, Aeromonas, Glugea, Myxobolus, Myxosoma, whirling disease, Cipangopaludina, Bithynia, Elimia, Gillia, Radix, Valvata, Viviparus, Acentropus, Sphaerium, Lepomis microlophus, redear sunfish, Rhamnus frangula, Frangula alnus, glossy buckthorn, Actinocyclus normanii f. subsalsa
Species Profiles and Specimens that use this Reference:

Alopecurus geniculatus geniculatus

    OH - Lake Erie drainage
    ONT - Amherstburg, Ontario, Canada on Lake Erie
    NY - Cayuga Lake
    IL - Chicago area

Alosa pseudoharengus

    NY - Lake Erie

Apeltes quadracus

    ONT - Thunder Bay tributary, Lake Superior

Bithynia tentaculata

    IL - Lake Michigan
    NY - Lake Ontario at Oswego, NY
    VT - Lake Champlain
    NY - Hudson River
    VA - Potomac River at Alexandria, VA
    PA - municipal water supplies in Erie, PA

Bosmina coregoni

    IL - Lake Michigan
    PA - Pymatuning Reservoir, Linesville
    MI - Lake Huron
    NY - Lake Ontario
    NY - Lake Erie
     - Lake Superior
    PA - Sanctuary Lake (Pymatuning Reservoir)

Butomus umbellatus

    QUE - LaPrairie, Quebec
    ONT - Non-specific state record.

Cabomba caroliniana

    OH - Mosquito Creek
    ONT - Wellington, Ontario
    KS - state non-specific
    NH - state non-specific

Carassius auratus

    NY - state non-specific
    DC - fish ponds at Washington DC
     - Great Lakes

Carex acutiformis

     - Lake Michigan
    MA - state non-specific
    IN - St. Joseph Lake at South Bend

Carex disticha

    ONT - Belleville
    QUE - Iles de Boucherville near Montreal, Quebec, Canada

Cipangopaludina chinensis

    NY - Niagara River at Cayuga Island, Niagara Falls, NY

Cipangopaludina japonica

    OH - Lake Erie, Sandusky Bay
    MI - state non-specific
    IN - state non-specific
    OH - Lake Erie, Ohio shoreline
    CA - San Francisco Bay Area

Cordylophora caspia

    OH - Lake Erie at Chagrin Harbor, OH (mouth of Chagrin River)

Craspedacusta sowerbyi

    KY - Benson Creek near Frankfort, KY
    MI - Huron River near Ann Arbor, MI
    NY - Lake Erie near Lackawanna, NY
    OH - Lake Erie drainage

Elimia virginica

    NY - Erie Canal near Mohawk, NY
    NY - Streams near Buffalo, NY
    NY - Oneida Lake [NE of Syracuse, NY]

Enneacanthus gloriosus

    NY - Oneida Lake

Eurytemora affinis

    NY - Lake Erie
    IL - Lake Michigan
    MI - Lake Huron
    MN - Lake Superior

Gillia altilis

    NY - Oneida Lake [NE of Syracuse, NY]
    NY - Erie Canal at Syracuse, NY
    NY - Erie Canal at Brighton, NY
    NY - Erie Canal at Clyde, NY
    NY - Niagara River, Niagara Falls, NY
    ONT - Lake Ontario at Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario

Glyceria maxima

    ONT - Lake Ontario marsh between Hamilton and Dundas, Ontario

Hydrocharis morsus-ranae

    ONT - Bay of Quinte
    ONT - Ottawa, Canada - Central Experimental Farm
    ONT - Ottawa River, 0 km to Ottawa
    QUE - St. Lawrence River at Montreal, Quebec
    ONT - Lake Erie at Rondeau Provincial Park, Ontario, Canada

Iris pseudacorus

    ONT - Non-specific state record.

Juncus compressus

    NY - Lake Ontario
    NY - Cayuga Lake

Juncus gerardii

    IL - Chicago, IL
    MI - Great Lakes Basin
    NY - Salina, NY
    IL - Lake Michigan, Chicago

Lasmigona subviridis

    NY - Erie Canal at Syracuse, NY
    NY - Erie Canal in Kirkville, NY
    NY - Finger Lakes

Lepomis humilis

    OH - Lake St. Marys (=Grand Lake), Lake Erie drainage

Lepomis microlophus

    IN - state non-specific

Lycopus asper

    MI - Port Huron

Lycopus europaeus

    ONT - Toronto Island, Lake Ontario
    VA - Norfolk
    NY - New York City
    OH - Lake Erie, western basin
    NY - St. Lawrence River

Marsilea quadrifolia

    CT - Bantam Lake
    NY - Cayuga Lake Basin
    ONT - Nanticoke, Ontario
    NY - Niagara River
    NY - Lewiston, NY - unspecified pond

Misgurnus anguillicaudatus

    MI - Shiawassee River headwaters

Myosotis scorpioides

    NY - Lake Ontario
    MA - Boston, unspecified location
    NY - Cayuga Lake, Ithaca
     - Lake Superior

Myriophyllum spicatum

    OH - Lake Erie at Put-In-Bay Harbor
    VA - Potomac River
    NY - Paddys Lake, near Oswego, NY
    NY - Sodus Bay
    NY - Rochester
    MI - St. Clair River
    MI - Whitmore Lake, ~7 mi N of Ann Arbor, on the Washtenaw \Livingston counties border

Najas marina

    NY - Lake Ontario
    NY - Onondaga Lake
    NY - Onondaga Lake

Najas minor

    NY - Cayuga Lake
    OH - Lake Cardinal
    NY - East side of Salmon Creek Inlet to Braddock Bay
    NY - Mouth of Mohawk River at Waterford

Nasturtium officinale

    MI - Ann Arbor
    ONT - Niagara Falls

Nitellopsis obtusa

    NY - St. Lawrence River

Notropis buchanani

    ONT - backwaters of the Thames River (flowing into Lake St. Clair), Kent County, Ontario

Noturus insignis

    NY - Oswego River system, streams and lakes

Nymphoides peltata

    DC - District of Columbia
    OH - Conneaut River, mouth

Oncorhynchus aguabonita whitei

    MI - Lake Huron

Oncorhynchus mykiss

    MI - state non-specific

Oncorhynchus nerka

    NY - Lake Ontario

Oncorhynchus tshawytscha

     - Lake Michigan
    NY - Lake Ontario
     - Lake Erie

Phenacobius mirabilis

    OH - Lake Erie
    IL - state non-specific
    OH - state non-specific

Pisidium amnicum

    NY - Lake Ontario at mouth of Genessee River near Charlotte and Summerville, NY
    VT - Lake Champlain
    PA - state non-specific
    NJ - state non-specific
     - Lake Erie
     - Lake Michigan
    NY - St. Lawrence River

Potamogeton crispus

    NY - Niagara River, Niagara Falls, NY

Radix auricularia

    NY - Hudson River basin near Troy
    OH - Lake Erie
    NY - Hudson River basin near Troy
     - Lake Erie tributaries (unspecified)
    NY - Lake Ontario, western
    IL - Lincoln Park, ornamental heated pond in Chicago

Ripistes parasita

    NY - Chemung River near Corning, NY
    NY - Chenango River near Binghamton
    NY - Cohocton River near Campbell, NY

Rorippa sylvestris

    NY - Lake Ontario
    PA - Philadelphia
    IL - Chicago area
    NY - Rochester
    AL - Mobile, AL - solid ballast pile

Salmo trutta

    NY - Lake Ontario tributaries
    NY - Genesee River, near Caledonia, NY

Scardinius erythrophthalmus

    NY - Cascadilla Creek, east of Ithaca, NY
    NY - Roeliff-Jansen Kill
    WI - Oconomowoc Lake [just SE of Oconomowoc, WI]
    NY - Lake Ontario
    NY - ponds, Central Park

Skistodiaptomus pallidus

    NY - Lake Ontario
    NY - Lake Ontario
    NY - Lake Erie
    MI - Lake St. Clair
    MI - Lake Huron

Sparganium glomeratum

    WI - Lake Superior, nearshore
    MN - Lake Superior
    MI - Lake Superior
    MN - Lake Itasca
    QUE - Saguenay County, Quebec in the Natashaquan River region
    MN - Duluth

Sphaerium corneum

    VT - Lake Champlain
    ONT - Rice Lake, south of Peterborough, Ontario
    NY - St. Lawrence River
    ONT - Bay of Quinte

Trapa natans

    MA - The Holt, Concord River
    NY - Sanders (Collins) Lake
    NY - Kendig Creek
    NY - Keuka Lake

Typha angustifolia

    NY - Lake Ontario

Valvata piscinalis

    NY - Lake Ontario near mouth of the Genesee River, Rochester, NY
    ONT - Toronto, Lake Ontario Shore

Veronica beccabunga

    QUE - St. Lawrence River, Quebec

Viviparus georgianus

    NY - Erie Canal and Mohawk River
    NY - Lake Erie
     - Lake Michigan tributaries
    NY - Lake Erie at the foot of Michigan Ave. in Buffalo, NY
    NY - Niagara River, Niagara Falls, NY
     - Lake Michigan
     - Lake Erie
    NY - Lake Ontario

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The data represented on this site vary in accuracy, scale, completeness, extent of coverage and origin. It is the user's responsibility to use these data consistent with their intended purpose and within stated limitations. We highly recommend reviewing metadata files prior to interpreting these data.

Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2019]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [3/20/2019].

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