The Nonindigenous Occurrences section of the NAS species profiles has a new structure. The section is now dynamically updated from the NAS database to ensure that it contains the most current and accurate information. Occurrences are summarized in Table 1, alphabetically by state, with years of earliest and most recent observations, and the tally and names of drainages where the species was observed. The table contains hyperlinks to collections tables of specimens based on the states, years, and drainages selected. References to specimens that were not obtained through sighting reports and personal communications are found through the hyperlink in the Table 1 caption or through the individual specimens linked in the collections tables.

Aplocheilus lineatus
Aplocheilus lineatus
(striped panchax)

Copyright Info
Aplocheilus lineatus (Valenciennes in Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1846)

Common name: striped panchax

Taxonomy: available through www.itis.govITIS logo

Identification: Key and distinguishing characteristics were given in Talwar and Jhingran (1992). Diagnostic characteristics and definition of genus were presented by Parenti (1981). Color photographs appeared in Axelrod et al. (1985), Scheel (1990), and Rosler (1994).

Size: 10 cm.

Native Range: Tropical Asia. Western and southeastern regions of India (Talwar and Jhingran (1992).

Hydrologic Unit Codes (HUCs) Explained
Interactive maps: Point Distribution Maps

Nonindigenous Occurrences: Released or reported sometime prior to 1960 from Hawaii, possibly from Oahu (Maciolek 1984).

Table 1. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Aplocheilus lineatus are found here.

StateFirst ObservedLast ObservedTotal HUCs with observations†HUCs with observations†

Table last updated 6/15/2024

† Populations may not be currently present.

Means of Introduction: Unknown. Maciolek (1984) is unclear as to whether this is one of the cyprinodonts imported by the Hawaii Department of Health and, if so, whether the species was intentionally stocked for mosquito control.

Status: Failed in Hawaii. No records were found at the Bishop Museum.

Impact of Introduction: The impacts of this species are currently unknown, as no studies have been done to determine how it has affected ecosystems in the invaded range. The absence of data does not equate to lack of effects. It does, however, mean that research is required to evaluate effects before conclusions can be made.

Remarks: This species is found in the aquarium trade. There are no known voucher specimens.

References: (click for full references)

Axelrod, H. R., W. E. Burgess, N. Pronek, and J. G. Walls. 1985. Dr. Axelrod's atlas of freshwater aquarium fishes. Tropical Fish Hobbyist Publications, Inc., Neptune City, NJ.

Maciolek, J. A. 1984. Exotic fishes in Hawaii and other islands of Oceania. Pages 131-161 in W. R. Courtenay, Jr., and J. R. Stauffer, Jr., editors. Distribution, biology, and management of exotic fishes. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, MD.

Parenti, L. R. 1981. A phylogenetic and biogeographic analysis of cyprinodontiform fishes (Teleostei, Atherinomorpha). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 168(4):335-557.

Rosler, H. J. 1994. A pocket-sized "pike." Tropical Fish Hobbyist Magazine 42(10):110, 112, 114.

Scheel, J. J. 1990. Atlas of killifishes of the Old World. Tropical Fish Hobbyist Publications, Inc., Neptune City, NJ.

Talwar, P. K., and A. G. Jhingran, editors. 1992. Inland fishes of India and adjacent countries. A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam, The Netherlands. Two volumes.

FishBase Summary

Author: Nico, L.

Revision Date: 4/30/2018

Peer Review Date: 3/5/2011

Citation Information:
Nico, L., 2024, Aplocheilus lineatus (Valenciennes in Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1846): U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?SpeciesID=314, Revision Date: 4/30/2018, Peer Review Date: 3/5/2011, Access Date: 6/16/2024

This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.


The data represented on this site vary in accuracy, scale, completeness, extent of coverage and origin. It is the user's responsibility to use these data consistent with their intended purpose and within stated limitations. We highly recommend reviewing metadata files prior to interpreting these data.

Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2024]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [6/16/2024].

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