Common name: striped panchax
available through www.itis.gov
Identification: Key and distinguishing characteristics were given in Talwar and Jhingran (1992). Diagnostic characteristics and definition of genus were presented by Parenti (1981). Color photographs appeared in Axelrod et al. (1985), Scheel (1990), and Rosler (1994).
Size: 10 cm.
Native Range: Tropical Asia. Western and southeastern regions of India (Talwar and Jhingran (1992).
Hydrologic Unit Codes (HUCs) Explained
Puerto Rico &
Interactive maps: Point Distribution Maps
Released or reported sometime prior to 1960 from Hawaii, possibly from Oahu (Maciolek 1984).
Table 1. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Aplocheilus lineatus are found here.
Table last updated 10/2/2023
† Populations may not be currently present.
Means of Introduction: Unknown. Maciolek (1984) is unclear as to whether this is one of the cyprinodonts imported by the Hawaii Department of Health and, if so, whether the species was intentionally stocked for mosquito control.
Status: Failed in Hawaii. No records were found at the Bishop Museum.
Impact of Introduction: The impacts of this species are currently unknown, as no studies have been done to determine how it has affected ecosystems in the invaded range. The absence of data does not equate to lack of effects. It does, however, mean that research is required to evaluate effects before conclusions can be made.
References: (click for full references)
Axelrod, H. R., W. E. Burgess, N. Pronek, and J. G. Walls. 1985. Dr. Axelrod's atlas of freshwater aquarium fishes. Tropical Fish Hobbyist Publications, Inc., Neptune City, NJ.
Maciolek, J. A. 1984. Exotic fishes in Hawaii and other islands of Oceania. Pages 131-161 in W. R. Courtenay, Jr., and J. R. Stauffer, Jr., editors. Distribution, biology, and management of exotic fishes. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, MD.
Parenti, L. R. 1981. A phylogenetic and biogeographic analysis of cyprinodontiform fishes (Teleostei, Atherinomorpha). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 168(4):335-557.
Rosler, H. J. 1994. A pocket-sized "pike." Tropical Fish Hobbyist Magazine 42(10):110, 112, 114.
Scheel, J. J. 1990. Atlas of killifishes of the Old World. Tropical Fish Hobbyist Publications, Inc., Neptune City, NJ.
Talwar, P. K., and A. G. Jhingran, editors. 1992. Inland fishes of India and adjacent countries. A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam, The Netherlands. Two volumes.
Revision Date: 4/30/2018
Peer Review Date: 3/5/2011
Nico, L., 2023, Aplocheilus lineatus (Valenciennes in Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1846): U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?speciesID=314, Revision Date: 4/30/2018, Peer Review Date: 3/5/2011, Access Date: 10/3/2023
This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.