References: (click for full references)
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Courtenay, W. - Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.
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Eccles, D. H., and E. Trewavas. 1989. Malawian cichlid fishes: the classification of some haplochromine genera. Lake Fish Movies, Herten, Germany.
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Petrovicky, I. 1988. Aquarium fish of the world. Hamlyn, London, England.
Ribbink, A. J., B. A. Marsh, A. C. Marsh, A. C. Ribbink, and B. J. Sharp. 1983. A preliminary survey of the cichlid fishes of rocky habitats in Lake Malawi. South African Journal of Zoology (Zoology Dierkunde) 18(3):149-310.
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