Common name: Skipjack Herring
available through www.itis.gov
Identification: Becker (1983); Whitehead (1985); Page and Burr (1991); Etnier and Starnes (1993).
Size: 53 cm.
Native Range: Red River drainage (Hudson Bay basin) and Mississippi River basin from central Minnesota south to the Gulf of Mexico, and from southwestern Pennsylvania west to eastern South Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Texas; Gulf Slope drainages from the Apalachicola River, Florida, to the Colorado River, Texas (Page and Burr 1991).
Table 1. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Alosa chrysochloris are found here.
Table last updated 1/27/2021
† Populations may not be currently present.
Means of Introduction: The herring likely gained access to Lake Michigan via the Chicago Shipping Canal (Fago 1993). Unknown in West Virginia.
Status: Reported from Wisconsin and West Virginia.
Impact of Introduction: The impacts of this species are currently unknown, as no studies have been done to determine how it has affected ecosystems in the invaded range. The absence of data does not equate to lack of effects. It does, however, mean that research is required to evaluate effects before conclusions can be made.
References: (click for full references)
Fago, D. 1993. Skipjack herring, Alosa chrysochloris
, expanding its range into the Great Lakes. Canadian Field-Naturalist 107:352-353.
Page, L. M., and B. M. Burr. 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. The Peterson Field Guide Series, volume 42. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, MA.
Stauffer, J. R., Jr., J. M. Boltz, and L. R. White. 1993. The fishes of West Virginia. West Virginia Department of Natural Resources. Unpublished manuscript. 1114 pp.
Revision Date: 3/2/2009
Peer Review Date: 3/2/2009
Fuller, P., 2021, Alosa chrysochloris (Rafinesque, 1820): U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?SpeciesID=489, Revision Date: 3/2/2009, Peer Review Date: 3/2/2009, Access Date: 1/27/2021
This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.