The Nonindigenous Occurrences section of the NAS species profiles has a new structure. The section is now dynamically updated from the NAS database to ensure that it contains the most current and accurate information. Occurrences are summarized in Table 1, alphabetically by state, with years of earliest and most recent observations, and the tally and names of drainages where the species was observed. The table contains hyperlinks to collections tables of specimens based on the states, years, and drainages selected. References to specimens that were not obtained through sighting reports and personal communications are found through the hyperlink in the Table 1 caption or through the individual specimens linked in the collections tables.

Alosa chrysochloris
Alosa chrysochloris
(Skipjack Herring)
Native Transplant

Copyright Info
Alosa chrysochloris (Rafinesque, 1820)

Common name: Skipjack Herring

Taxonomy: available through www.itis.govITIS logo

Identification: Becker (1983); Whitehead (1985); Page and Burr (1991); Etnier and Starnes (1993).

Size: 53 cm.

Native Range: Red River drainage (Hudson Bay basin) and Mississippi River basin from central Minnesota south to the Gulf of Mexico, and from southwestern Pennsylvania west to eastern South Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Texas; Gulf Slope drainages from the Apalachicola River, Florida, to the Colorado River, Texas (Page and Burr 1991).

Native range data for this species provided in part by NatureServe NS logo
Hydrologic Unit Codes (HUCs) Explained
Interactive maps: Point Distribution Maps

Nonindigenous Occurrences:

Table 1. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Alosa chrysochloris are found here.

StateFirst ObservedLast ObservedTotal HUCs with observations†HUCs with observations†
FL201220121Lower Suwannee
IL201320181Des Plaines
KY198619862Licking; Lower Kentucky
NC199119911Upper French Broad
OH197019944Little Miami; Lower Great Miami; Upper Scioto; Whitewater
TN198619947Caney; Holston; Lower Clinch; Lower Little Tennessee; Obey; Pigeon; Upper Cumberland-Cordell Hull Reservoir
WV198620124Big Sandy; Gauley; Middle New; Upper Kanawha
WI198919922Door-Kewaunee; Lake Michigan

Table last updated 10/25/2021

† Populations may not be currently present.

Means of Introduction: The herring likely gained access to Lake Michigan via the Chicago Shipping Canal (Fago 1993). Unknown in West Virginia.

Status: Reported from Wisconsin and West Virginia.

Impact of Introduction: The impacts of this species are currently unknown, as no studies have been done to determine how it has affected ecosystems in the invaded range. The absence of data does not equate to lack of effects. It does, however, mean that research is required to evaluate effects before conclusions can be made.

Remarks: The report of skipjack herring from Lake Erie was rejected by Trautman (1981).

Voucher specimens: Wisconsin (UWM 9962, Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Monona, catalogue numbers 18070, 18071).

References: (click for full references)

Fago, D. 1993. Skipjack herring, Alosa chrysochloris, expanding its range into the Great Lakes. Canadian Field-Naturalist 107:352-353.

Page, L. M., and B. M. Burr. 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. The Peterson Field Guide Series, volume 42. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, MA.

Stauffer, J. R., Jr., J. M. Boltz, and L. R. White. 1993. The fishes of West Virginia. West Virginia Department of Natural Resources. Unpublished manuscript. 1114 pp.

Other Resources:
FishBase Summary

Author: Fuller, P.

Revision Date: 3/2/2009

Peer Review Date: 3/2/2009

Citation Information:
Fuller, P., 2021, Alosa chrysochloris (Rafinesque, 1820): U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?speciesID=489, Revision Date: 3/2/2009, Peer Review Date: 3/2/2009, Access Date: 10/26/2021

This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.


The data represented on this site vary in accuracy, scale, completeness, extent of coverage and origin. It is the user's responsibility to use these data consistent with their intended purpose and within stated limitations. We highly recommend reviewing metadata files prior to interpreting these data.

Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2021]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [10/26/2021].

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