Common name: goldspot herring
Synonyms and Other Names: bluestripe herring, goldspot sardine, fourspot herring
available through www.itis.gov
Native Range: Indo-Pacific from South Africa and the Red Sea to southern Japan and the Ogasawara Islands, northern Australia and Samoa (Mundy 2005).
Introduced to Oahu, Hawaii in 1972 (Randall 1987).
Table 1. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Herklotsichthys quadrimaculatus are found here.
Table last updated 9/30/2019
† Populations may not be currently present.
Means of Introduction: According to Randall (1987), this species was likely brought on-board a National Marine Fisheries Service vessel while exploring the Marshall Islands to use as a bait for tuna fishing on the return trip to Hawaii. Presumably, the remaining fish were dumped into Kewalo Basin, Oahu, when the ship returned to port.
Status: Established. The Oahu population has now spread to Lanai and Molokai.
Impact of Introduction: Ironically, the introduction of this species seems to be much more successful than the carefully planned introduction of the Marquesan sardine (Sardinella marquesensis) to the Hawaiian islands. According to Randall (1987), fishermen blame proliferation of the goldspot herring for reduced stocks of native baitfishes and silversides.
References: (click for full references)
Mundy, B.C. 2005. Checklist of fishes of the Hawiian Archipelago. Bishop Museum Bulletin in Zoology, Number 6.
Randall, J.E. 1987. Introductions of marine fishes to the Hawaiian Islands. Bulletin of Marine Science 41: 490-502.
Revision Date: 1/27/2012
Peer Review Date: 4/1/2016
Schofield, P.J., 2019, Herklotsichthys quadrimaculatus (Rüppell, 1837): U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?SpeciesID=495, Revision Date: 1/27/2012, Peer Review Date: 4/1/2016, Access Date: 11/15/2019
This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.