The Nonindigenous Occurrences section of the NAS species profiles has a new structure. The section is now dynamically updated from the NAS database to ensure that it contains the most current and accurate information. Occurrences are summarized in Table 1, alphabetically by state, with years of earliest and most recent observations, and the tally and names of drainages where the species was observed. The table contains hyperlinks to collections tables of specimens based on the states, years, and drainages selected. References to specimens that were not obtained through sighting reports and personal communications are found through the hyperlink in the Table 1 caption or through the individual specimens linked in the collections tables.

Herklotsichthys quadrimaculatus
Herklotsichthys quadrimaculatus
(goldspot herring)
Marine Fishes

Copyright Info
Herklotsichthys quadrimaculatus (Rüppell, 1837)

Common name: goldspot herring

Synonyms and Other Names: bluestripe herring, goldspot sardine, fourspot herring

Taxonomy: available through www.itis.govITIS logo

Native Range: Indo-Pacific from South Africa and the Red Sea to southern Japan and the Ogasawara Islands, northern Australia and Samoa (Mundy 2005).

Interactive maps: Point Distribution Maps

Nonindigenous Occurrences: Introduced to Oahu, Hawaii in 1972 (Randall 1987).

Table 1. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Herklotsichthys quadrimaculatus are found here.

StateFirst ObservedLast ObservedTotal HUCs with observations†HUCs with observations†
HI197220052Hawaii; Oahu

Table last updated 6/26/2022

† Populations may not be currently present.

Means of Introduction: According to Randall (1987), this species was likely brought on-board a National Marine Fisheries Service vessel while exploring the Marshall Islands to use as a bait for tuna fishing on the return trip to Hawaii.  Presumably, the remaining fish were dumped into Kewalo Basin, Oahu, when the ship returned to port. 

Status: Established.  The Oahu population has now spread to Lanai and Molokai.

Impact of Introduction: Ironically, the introduction of this species seems to be much more successful than the carefully planned introduction of the Marquesan sardine (Sardinella marquesensis) to the Hawaiian islands.  According to Randall (1987), fishermen blame proliferation of the goldspot herring for reduced stocks of native baitfishes and silversides.

References: (click for full references)

Mundy, B.C. 2005. Checklist of fishes of the Hawiian Archipelago. Bishop Museum Bulletin in Zoology, Number 6.

Randall, J.E. 1987. Introductions of marine fishes to the Hawaiian Islands. Bulletin of Marine Science 41: 490-502.

Other Resources:
FishBase Summary

Author: Schofield, P.J.

Revision Date: 1/27/2012

Peer Review Date: 1/27/2012

Citation Information:
Schofield, P.J., 2022, Herklotsichthys quadrimaculatus (Rüppell, 1837): U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?speciesID=495, Revision Date: 1/27/2012, Peer Review Date: 1/27/2012, Access Date: 6/27/2022

This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.


The data represented on this site vary in accuracy, scale, completeness, extent of coverage and origin. It is the user's responsibility to use these data consistent with their intended purpose and within stated limitations. We highly recommend reviewing metadata files prior to interpreting these data.

Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2022]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [6/27/2022].

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