Luxilus cornutus
Luxilus cornutus
(Common Shiner)
Native Transplant
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Luxilus cornutus (Mitchill, 1817)

Common name: Common Shiner

Taxonomy: available through www.itis.govITIS logo

Identification: Gilbert (1964); Scott and Crossman 1973; Becker (1983); Page and Burr (1991); Jenkins and Burkhead (1994); Pflieger (1997); another commonly used name is Notropis cornutus.

Size: 18 cm.

Native Range: Atlantic, Great Lakes, Hudson Bay, and Mississippi River basins, from Nova Scotia to southeastern Saskatchewan, and south to James River drainage, Virginia, northern Ohio, central Missouri, and Wyoming (Page and Burr 1991).
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Puerto Rico &
Virgin Islands
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Guam Saipan
Native range data for this species provided in part by NatureServe NS logo
Interactive maps: Point Distribution Maps

Nonindigenous Occurrences: This species has been collected in Acadia National Park, Maine (Tilmant 1999). The Common Shiner was introduced into Willard Bay Reservoir, Utah, in 1982 (Sigler and Sigler 1987). This shiner is regarded as native but may have been introduced in West Virginia into the main channel of the Ohio River, the Big Sandy, the Guyandotte, and the Kanawha below the falls (Stauffer et al. 1995).

Means of Introduction: Probable stocking for forage in Utah. Unknown in West Virginia; probable bait bucket release.

Status: Extirpated in Utah (Sigler and Sigler 1996). Established in West Virginia.

Impact of Introduction: Unknown.

Remarks: This species is known to hybridize with several other native minnows (Trautman 1981). Scott and Crossman (1973) noted that the Common Shiner is a very commonly used bait fish.

References: (click for full references)

Tilmant, J.T. 1999. Management of nonindigenous aquatic fish in the U.S. National Park System. National Park Service. 50 pp.

Other Resources:
FishBase Summary

Author: Fuller, P.

Revision Date: 8/5/2004

Peer Review Date: 4/1/2016

Citation Information:
Fuller, P., 2018, Luxilus cornutus (Mitchill, 1817): U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL,, Revision Date: 8/5/2004, Peer Review Date: 4/1/2016, Access Date: 1/19/2018

This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.

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Page Last Modified: Thursday, January 04, 2018 (DMZ)


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Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2018]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [1/19/2018].

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