Common name: Red River Shiner
available through www.itis.gov
Identification: Robison and Buchanan (1988); Page and Burr (1991).
Size: 8 cm.
Native Range: Red River drainage from southwestern Arkansas to western Oklahoma and northwestern Texas (Page and Burr 1991).
Table 1. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Notropis bairdi are found here.
Table last updated 2/27/2023
† Populations may not be currently present.
Means of Introduction: Unknown; probable bait bucket release. It was first collected from the Cimarron in Oklahoma in 1976 (Cross et al. 1983).
Status: Established in Kansas and Oklahoma.
Impact of Introduction: Notropis bairdi has become common in the Cimarron River and is apparently displacing the native Arkansas River shiner Notropis girardi which is proposed for listing as an endangered species (Cross et al. 1983; U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service 1997).
References: (click for full references)
Cross, F.B., O.T. Gorman, and S.G. Haslouer. 1983. The Red River Shiner, Notropis bairdi, in Kansas with Notes on Depletion of its Arkansas River Cognate, Notropis girardi. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science, 86(2-3), 93-98.
Cross, F.B., R.L. Mayden, and J.D. Stewart. 1986. Fishes in the western Mississippi basin (Missouri, Arkansas and Red Rivers). Pages 363-412 in Hocutt, C.H., and E.O. Wiley, eds. The zoogeography of North American freshwater fishes. John Wiley and Sons. New York, NY.
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr. 1991. A Field Guide to Freshwater Fishes - North America North of Mexico. Volume 42. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, MA.
Robison, H.W. and T.M. Buchanan. 1988. Fishes of Arkansas. University of Arkansas Press, Fayetteville, AR.
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1997. Endangered and threatened species; Review of plant and animal taxa; Proposed Rule. Federal Register, 50 CFR 17. (September 19, 1997). 62(182):49397-49411. Washington, D.C.
Revision Date: 2/12/2010
Peer Review Date: 2/12/2010
Nico, L., 2023, Notropis bairdi Hubbs and Ortenburger, 1929: U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?SpeciesID=584, Revision Date: 2/12/2010, Peer Review Date: 2/12/2010, Access Date: 5/28/2023
This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.