The Nonindigenous Occurrences section of the NAS species profiles has a new structure. The section is now dynamically updated from the NAS database to ensure that it contains the most current and accurate information. Occurrences are summarized in Table 1, alphabetically by state, with years of earliest and most recent observations, and the tally and names of drainages where the species was observed. The table contains hyperlinks to collections tables of specimens based on the states, years, and drainages selected. References to specimens that were not obtained through sighting reports and personal communications are found through the hyperlink in the Table 1 caption or through the individual specimens linked in the collections tables.

Notropis bairdi
Notropis bairdi
(Red River Shiner)
Native Transplant

Copyright Info
Notropis bairdi Hubbs and Ortenburger, 1929

Common name: Red River Shiner

Taxonomy: available through www.itis.govITIS logo

Identification: Robison and Buchanan (1988); Page and Burr (1991).

Size: 8 cm.

Native Range: Red River drainage from southwestern Arkansas to western Oklahoma and northwestern Texas (Page and Burr 1991).

Native range data for this species provided in part by NatureServe NS logo
Hydrologic Unit Codes (HUCs) Explained
Interactive maps: Point Distribution Maps

Nonindigenous Occurrences:

Table 1. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Notropis bairdi are found here.

StateFirst ObservedLast ObservedTotal HUCs with observations†HUCs with observations†
KS197219912Upper Cimarron-Bluff; Upper Cimarron-Liberal
OK197619913Lower Cimarron; Lower Cimarron-Eagle Chief; Lower Cimarron-Skeleton

Table last updated 5/26/2024

† Populations may not be currently present.

Means of Introduction: Unknown; probable bait bucket release. It was first collected from the Cimarron in Oklahoma in 1976 (Cross et al. 1983).

Status: Established in Kansas and Oklahoma.

Impact of Introduction: Notropis bairdi has become common in the Cimarron River and is apparently displacing the native Arkansas River shiner Notropis girardi which is proposed for listing as an endangered species (Cross et al. 1983; U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service 1997).

Remarks: Notropis girardi is being replaced by Notropis bairdi in its native range, but N. girardi is doing very well in the Pecos River drainage, where introduced (Gilbert, personal communication).

References: (click for full references)

Cross, F.B., O.T. Gorman, and S.G. Haslouer. 1983. The Red River Shiner, Notropis bairdi, in Kansas with Notes on Depletion of its Arkansas River Cognate, Notropis girardi. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science, 86(2-3), 93-98.

Cross, F.B., R.L. Mayden, and J.D. Stewart. 1986. Fishes in the western Mississippi basin (Missouri, Arkansas and Red Rivers). Pages 363-412 in Hocutt, C.H., and E.O. Wiley, eds. The zoogeography of North American freshwater fishes. John Wiley and Sons. New York, NY.

Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr. 1991. A Field Guide to Freshwater Fishes - North America North of Mexico. Volume 42. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, MA.

Robison, H.W. and T.M. Buchanan. 1988. Fishes of Arkansas. University of Arkansas Press, Fayetteville, AR.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1997. Endangered and threatened species; Review of plant and animal taxa; Proposed Rule. Federal Register, 50 CFR 17. (September 19, 1997). 62(182):49397-49411. Washington, D.C.

Other Resources:
FishBase Summary

Author: Nico, L.

Revision Date: 2/12/2010

Peer Review Date: 2/12/2010

Citation Information:
Nico, L., 2024, Notropis bairdi Hubbs and Ortenburger, 1929: U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?speciesID=584, Revision Date: 2/12/2010, Peer Review Date: 2/12/2010, Access Date: 5/26/2024

This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.


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Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2024]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [5/26/2024].

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