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The Nonindigenous Occurrences section of the NAS species profiles has a new structure. The section is now dynamically updated from the NAS database to ensure that it contains the most current and accurate information. Occurrences are summarized in Table 1, alphabetically by state, with years of earliest and most recent observations, and the tally and names of drainages where the species was observed. The table contains hyperlinks to collections tables of specimens based on the states, years, and drainages selected. References to specimens that were not obtained through sighting reports and personal communications are found through the hyperlink in the Table 1 caption or through the individual specimens linked in the collections tables.




Helostoma temminkii
Helostoma temminkii
(kissing gourami)
Fishes
Exotic
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Helostoma temminkii Cuvier, 1829

Common name: kissing gourami

Synonyms and Other Names: Helostoma temmincki, H. temminckii, pink kisser, green kisser [varietal names].

Taxonomy: available through www.itis.govITIS logo

Identification: A key and distinguishing characteristics were given in Smith (1945) and Talwar and Jhingran (1992); distinguishing characteristics were also provided by Sterba (1973); Nelson (1994); and Kottelat et al. (1993). Color photographs appeared in Axelrod et al. (1985) and in Kottelat et al. (1993). Name sometimes given as Helostoma temmincki or H. temminckii (Roberts 1989).

Size: 30 cm.

Native Range: Tropical Asia, including central Thailand, Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo, and Java (Berra 1981; Roberts 1989; Talwar and Jhingran 1992).

US auto-generated map Legend USGS Logo
Alaska auto-generated map
Alaska
Hawaii auto-generated map
Hawaii
Caribbean auto-generated map
Puerto Rico &
Virgin Islands
Guam auto-generated map
Guam Saipan
Hydrologic Unit Codes (HUCs) Explained
Interactive maps: Point Distribution Maps

Nonindigenous Occurrences:

Table 1. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Helostoma temminkii are found here.

StateYear of earliest observationYear of last observationTotal HUCs with observations†HUCs with observations†
Florida197119783Florida Southeast Coast; Little Manatee; Tampa Bay

Table last updated 10/4/2018

† Populations may not be currently present.


Means of Introduction: The introduction resulted from either an aquarium release or a fish-farm escape.

Status: Failed at both locations in Florida. No additional specimens have been reported or collected.

Remarks: Voucher specimens: Florida (UF97050, 97051, 182448).

References: (click for full references)

Axelrod, H.R., W.E. Burgess, N. Pronek, and J.G. Walls. 1985. Dr. Axelrod's atlas of freshwater aquarium fishes. Tropical Fish Hobbyist Publications, Inc., Neptune City, NJ.

Berra, T.M. 1981. An atlas of distribution of the freshwater fish families of the world. University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln, NE.

Courtenay, W.R., Jr., and D.A. Hensley. 1979. Survey of introduced non-native fishes. Phase I Report. Introduced exotic fishes in North America: status 1979. Report Submitted to National Fishery Research Laboratory, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Gainesville, FL.

Courtenay, W.R., Jr., H.F. Sahlman, W.W. Miley, II, and D.J. Herrema. 1974. Exotic fishes in fresh and brackish waters of Florida. Biological Conservation 6(4):292-302.

Kottelat, M., A.J. Whitten, S.N. Kartikasari, and S. Wirjoatmodjo. 1993. Freshwater fishes of Western Indonesia and Sulawesi. Periplus Editions, Ltd., Republic of Indonesia.

Nelson, J.S. 1994. Fishes of the world, 3rd edition. John Wiley and Sons, New York, NY.

Roberts, T.R. 1989. The freshwater fishes of Western Borneo (Kalimantan Barat, Indonesia). Memoirs of the California Academy of Science 14. California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, CA.

Smith, H.M. 1945. The fresh-water fishes of Siam, or Thailand. Bulletin of the U.S. National Museum (Smithsonian Institution) 188:1-622.

Sterba, G. 1973. Freshwater fishes of the world. English translation and revision from German. Two volumes. Tropical Fish Hobbyist Publications, Inc., Neptune City, NJ.

Talwar, P.K., and A.G. Jhingran, editors. 1992. Inland fishes of India and adjacent countries. A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam, The Netherlands. Two volumes.

Other Resources:
FishBase Summary

Author: Pam Fuller, and Matt Neilson

Revision Date: 10/5/2012

Peer Review Date: 2/10/2016

Citation Information:
Pam Fuller, and Matt Neilson, 2019, Helostoma temminkii Cuvier, 1829: U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?SpeciesID=725, Revision Date: 10/5/2012, Peer Review Date: 2/10/2016, Access Date: 3/20/2019

This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.

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URL: https://nas.er.usgs.gov
Page Contact Information: Matthew Neilson - NAS Program (mneilson@usgs.gov)
Page Last Modified: Wednesday, October 10, 2018

Disclaimer:

The data represented on this site vary in accuracy, scale, completeness, extent of coverage and origin. It is the user's responsibility to use these data consistent with their intended purpose and within stated limitations. We highly recommend reviewing metadata files prior to interpreting these data.

Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2019]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [3/20/2019].

Contact us if you are using data from this site for a publication to make sure the data are being used appropriately and for potential co-authorship if warranted. For queries involving fish, please contact Matthew Neilson. For queries involving invertebrates, contact Amy Benson.