Common name: kissing gourami
Synonyms and Other Names: Helostoma temmincki, H. temminckii, pink kisser, green kisser [varietal names].
available through www.itis.gov
Identification: A key and distinguishing characteristics were given in Smith (1945) and Talwar and Jhingran (1992); distinguishing characteristics were also provided by Sterba (1973); Nelson (1994); and Kottelat et al. (1993). Color photographs appeared in Axelrod et al. (1985) and in Kottelat et al. (1993). Name sometimes given as Helostoma temmincki or H. temminckii (Roberts 1989).
Size: 30 cm.
Native Range: Tropical Asia, including central Thailand, Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo, and Java (Berra 1981; Roberts 1989; Talwar and Jhingran 1992).
Hydrologic Unit Codes (HUCs) Explained
Puerto Rico &
Interactive maps: Point Distribution Maps
Table 1. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Helostoma temminkii are found here.
Table last updated 9/29/2023
† Populations may not be currently present.
Means of Introduction: The introduction resulted from either an aquarium release or a fish-farm escape.
Status: Failed at both locations in Florida. No additional specimens have been reported or collected.
Impact of Introduction: The impacts of this species are currently unknown, as no studies have been done to determine how it has affected ecosystems in the invaded range. The absence of data does not equate to lack of effects. It does, however, mean that research is required to evaluate effects before conclusions can be made.
References: (click for full references)
Axelrod, H.R., W.E. Burgess, N. Pronek, and J.G. Walls. 1985. Dr. Axelrod's atlas of freshwater aquarium fishes. Tropical Fish Hobbyist Publications, Inc., Neptune City, NJ.
Berra, T.M. 1981. An atlas of distribution of the freshwater fish families of the world. University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln, NE.
Courtenay, W.R., Jr., and D.A. Hensley. 1979. Survey of introduced non-native fishes. Phase I Report. Introduced exotic fishes in North America: status 1979. Report Submitted to National Fishery Research Laboratory, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Gainesville, FL.
Courtenay, W.R., Jr., H.F. Sahlman, W.W. Miley, II, and D.J. Herrema. 1974. Exotic fishes in fresh and brackish waters of Florida. Biological Conservation 6(4):292-302.
Kottelat, M., A.J. Whitten, S.N. Kartikasari, and S. Wirjoatmodjo. 1993. Freshwater fishes of Western Indonesia and Sulawesi. Periplus Editions, Ltd., Republic of Indonesia.
Nelson, J.S. 1994. Fishes of the world, 3rd edition. John Wiley and Sons, New York, NY.
Roberts, T.R. 1989. The freshwater fishes of Western Borneo (Kalimantan Barat, Indonesia). Memoirs of the California Academy of Science 14. California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, CA.
Smith, H.M. 1945. The fresh-water fishes of Siam, or Thailand. Bulletin of the U.S. National Museum (Smithsonian Institution) 188:1-622.
Sterba, G. 1973. Freshwater fishes of the world. English translation and revision from German. Two volumes. Tropical Fish Hobbyist Publications, Inc., Neptune City, NJ.
Talwar, P.K., and A.G. Jhingran, editors. 1992. Inland fishes of India and adjacent countries. A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam, The Netherlands. Two volumes.
Pam Fuller, and Matt Neilson
Revision Date: 6/29/2023
Peer Review Date: 10/5/2012
Pam Fuller, and Matt Neilson, 2023, Helostoma temminkii Cuvier, 1829: U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?speciesID=725, Revision Date: 6/29/2023, Peer Review Date: 10/5/2012, Access Date: 9/29/2023
This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.