References: (click for full references)
Ashley, K. W., and B. Buff. 1986. Determination of current food habits of flathead catfish in the Cape Fear River. Final Report Submitted to the North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission, Division of Boating and Inland Fisheries, Raleigh, NC. 19 pp.
Bailey, R.M., W.C. Latta, and G.R. Smith. 2004. An atlas of Michigan fishes with keys and illustrations for their identification. Miscellaneous Publications of the University of Michigan Museum of Zoology 192:1-215. http://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/handle/2027.42/56435.
Bart, H. L., M. S. Taylor, J. T. Harbaugh, J. W. Evans, S. L. Schleiger, and W. Clark. 1994. New distribution records of Gulf Slope drainage fishes in the Ocmulgee River system, Georgia. Southeastern Fishes Council Proceedings, No. 30:4--9.
Becker, G. C. 1983. Fishes of Wisconsin. University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, WI.
Bodine, K.A., R.A. Ott, D.L. Bennett, J.D. Norman, and J.W. Schlechte. 2021. Round 2: A 4-year follow-up evaluation of a Flathead Catfish population exposed to hand fishing. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 41:255–258. https://doi.org/10.1002/nafm.10476.
Bodine, K.A., J.W. Schlechte, R.A. Ott, D.L. Bennett, and J.D. Norman. 2016. Estimating exploitation and modeling the effects of hand fishing on a Flathead Catfish population in east Texas. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 36(6):1416–1424. https://doi.org/10.1080/02755947.2016.1209603.
Bond, C.E. 1994. Keys to Oregon freshwater fishes. Oregon State University Bookstores, Corvallis, OR.
Bonvechio, T.F., M.S. Allen, D. Gwinn and J.S. Mitchell. 2011. Impacts of electrofishing removals on the introduced Flathead Catfish population in the Satilla River, Georgia. Page 395–408 in Michaletz, P.H., and V.H. Travnichek, eds. Conservation, ecology, and management of catfish: the second international symposium. American Fisheries Society. Bethesda, MD.
Burgess, G. - Florida Museum of Natural History, Gainesville, FL.
Crossman, E.J., and J.H Leach. 1979. First Canadian record of a flathead catfish. Canadian Field-Naturalist 93:179-180.
Daugherty, D.J., and T.M. Sutton. 2005. Seasonal movement patterns, habitat use, and home range of Flathead Catfish in the Lower St. Joseph River, Michigan. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 25(1):256–269. https://doi.org/10.1577/m03-252.2.
Davis, R.A. 1985. Evaluation of flathead catfish as a predator in a Minnesota lake. No.. 384. Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, Division of Fish and Wildlife. http://www.nativefishlab.net/library/textpdf/13980.pdf.
Dill, W.A., and A.J. Cordone. 1997. History and status of introduced fishes in California, 1871-1996. Fish Bulletin 178. California Department of Fish and Game, Sacramento, CA. http://content.cdlib.org/view?docId=kt8p30069f&brand=calisphere.
Eggleton, M. A., and H. L. Schramm Jr. 2004. Feeding ecology and energetic relationships with habitat of Blue catfish, Ictalurus furcatus, and flathead Catfish, Pylodictis olivaris, in the lower Mississippi River, USA. Environmental biology of fishes 70:107-121.
Etnier, D.A., and W.C. Starnes. 1993. The fishes of Tennessee. University of Tennessee Press, Knoxville, TN.
Fuller, P.L., and G.E. Whelan. 2018. The flathead catfish invasion of the Great Lakes. Journal of Great Lakes Research 44(5):1081-1092.
Gilbert, C. - Florida Museum of Natural History, Gainesville, FL.
Gima, A. 2009. An evaluation of triploid Flathead Catfish. Unpublished M.S. thesis. Auburn University, Auburn, AL. https://etd.auburn.edu/xmlui/handle/10415/1460?show=full.
Guire, C.R., L.E. Nichols, and R.T. Rachels. 1984. Biological investigations of flathead catfish in the Cape Fear River. Proceedings of the Southeastern Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies 35(1981):607--621.
Hedden, S.C., K.B. Gido, and J.E. Whitney. 2016. Introduced Flathead Catfish consumptive demand on native fishes of the Upper Gila River, New Mexico. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 36(1):55-61. https://doi.org/10.1080/02755947.2015.1111280.
Hubbs, C.L. and K.F. Lagler. 2004. Fishes of the Great Lakes region. Revised Edition. University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.
Hubert, W. 1994. Exotic fishes. Pages 158-174 in Parish, T.L., and S.H. Anderson, eds. Exotic species manual. Wyoming Game and Fish Department. Laramie, WY.
Hughes, R.M. and A.T. Herlihy. 2012. Patterns in catch per unit effort of native prey fish and alien piscivorous fish in 7 Pacific Northwest USA rivers. Fisheries 37(5):201-211.
Jackson, D.C. 1999. Flathead catfish: biology, fisheries, and management. American Fisheries Society Symposium 24:23-36.
Jenkins, R.E., and N.M. Burkhead. 1994. Freshwater Fishes of Virginia. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, MD.
Kaar, C.R.J., C. Plikaitis, K.W. Germino, and A.K. Nakanishi. 2014. Catfish noodling forearm injury requiring urgent surgical treatment: A case report and review of the literature. Wilderness & Environmental Medicine 25:75–79. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wem.2013.10.010.
Leis, E., R. Easy, L. MacLean, and D. Cone. 2018. Ligictaluridus michaelalicea n. sp (Monogenea: Dactylogyridae) from flathead catfish (Pylodictis olivaris) in the upper Mississippi River, including remarks on taxonomy influencing monogenean treatment regulation in the United States. Parasitology Research 117(3):825–830. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00436-018-5757-2.
Leis, E.M., T.G. Rosser, W.A. Baumgartner, and M.J. Griffin. 2017. Henneguya laseeae n. sp from flathead catfish (Pylodictis olivaris) in the upper Mississippi River. Parasitology Research 116(1):81–89. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00436-016-5264-2.
Lucchesi, D.O., M.D. Wagner, T.M. Stevens, and B.D.S. Graeb. 2017. Population dynamics of introduced flathead catfish in Lake Mitchell, South Dakota. Journal of Freshwater Ecology 32(1):314-327.
Marsh, P.C. and J.E. Brooks. 1989. Predation by Ictalurid catfishes as a deterrent to re-establishment of hatchery-reared razorback suckers. Southwestern Naturalist 34(2):188-195.
Mettee, M.F., P.E. O'Neil, and J.M. Pierson. 1996. Fishes of Alabama and the Mobile Basin. Oxmoor House, Inc, Birmingham, AL.
Michaletz, P.H. 2020. Bolstering piscivore abundance to restructure small impoundment fish communities. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 40(5):1276–1293. https://doi.org/10.1002/nafm.10494.
Minckley, W.L. 1973. Fishes of Arizona. Arizona Fish and Game Department, Phoenix, AZ.
Minckley, W. L., and James E. Deacon. 1959. New distributional records for three species of Kansas crayfish. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science 62(2):165.
Montague, G.F., and D.E. Shoup. 2021. Two decades of advancement in Flathead Catfish research. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 41(S1):S11–S26. https://doi.org/10.1002/nafm.10654S11.
Moody-Carpenter, C.J., G.G. Sass, L.D. Frankland, E.K. Bollinger, and R.E. Colombo. 2017. Demographics and interstate management implications for Flathead Catfish in the Lower Wabash River, Illinois and Indiana. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 37(6):1265–1273. https://doi.org/10.1080/02755947.2017.1376009.
Page, L.M., and B.M. Burr. 1991. A Field Guide to Freshwater Fishes - North America North of Mexico. Volume 42. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, MA.
Page, L.M., and B.M. Burr. 2011. A Field Guide to Freshwater Fishes of North America North of Mexico, Second Edition. Houghton-Mifflin Harcourt. New York, NY.
Quinn, S.P. 1988. Stomach contents of flathead catfish in the Flint River, Georgia. Proceedings of the Annual Conference Southeastern Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies 41:85-92.
Quinn, S.P. 2011. Human interactions with catfish. Page 800 in Michaletz, P.H., and V.H. Travnichek, eds. Conservation, ecology, and management of catfish: The second international symposium. American Fisheries Society. Bethesda, MD.
Schmitt, J.D., J.A. Emmel, A.J. Bunch, C.D. Hilling, and D.J. Orth. 2019. Feeding ecology and distribution of an invasive apex predator: Flathead Catfish in subestuaries of the Chesapeake Bay, Virginia. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 39(2):390–402. https://doi.org/10.1002/nafm.10279.
Simpson, J., and R. Wallace. 1978. Fishes of Idaho. University of Idaho Press, Moscow, ID.
Starnes, W.C., J. Odenkirk, and M.J. Ashton. 2011. Update and analysis of fish occurrences in the lower Potomac River drainage in the vicinity of Plummers Island, Maryland—Contribution XXXI to the natural history of Plummers Island, Maryland. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 124(4):280-309.
Steffensen, K.D., S.A. Lundgren, and T.W. Huenemann. 2015. Documented predation of pallid sturgeon Scaphirhynchus albus (Forbes & Richardson, 1905) by flathead catfish Pylodictis olivaris (Rafinesque, 1818). Journal of Applied Ichthyology 31(5):843–845. https://doi.org/10.1111/jai.12831.
Stefferud, S. - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Arizona Ecological Services Office, Phoenix, AZ.Underhill, J.C. 1986. The fish fauna of the Laurentian Great Lakes, the St. Lawrence lowlands, Newfoundland, and Labrador. Pages 105-136 in Hocutt, C.H., and E.O. Wiley, eds. The zoogeography of North American freshwater fishes. John Wiley and Sons. New York, NY.
Walker, P. - Maine Department of Inland Fisheries (formerly); Colorado Division of Wildlife, Brush, CO (currently).
Ward, D.L., and B.M. Vaage. 2019. What environmental conditions reduce predation vulnerability for juvenile Colorado River native fishes? Journal of Fish and Wildlife Management 10(1):196–205. https://doi.org/10.3996/042018-jfwm-031.
Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW). 2021. Flathead catfish (Pylodictis olivaris). https://wdfw.wa.gov/species-habitats/species/pylodictis-olivaris. Accessed on 07/21/2016.
Williams, J. - U.S. Geological Survey (retired)
Winders, K.R., and J.A. McMullen. 2021. Size-specific exploitation of Flathead Catfish and Blue Catfish by recreational and commercial fishers in the Missouri and Mississippi Rivers, Missouri. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 41:247–254. https://doi.org/10.1002/nafm.10619.
Wydoski, R.S., and R.R. Whitney. 2003. Inland Fishes of Washington. Second Edition. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, MD in association with University of Washington Press, Seattle, WA.
This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.