Common name: black molly
Native Range: None; hybrid.
Hydrologic Unit Codes (HUCs) Explained
Puerto Rico &
Interactive maps: Point Distribution Maps
Table 1. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Poecilia latipinna × velifera are found here.
Table last updated 12/9/2023
† Populations may not be currently present.
Ecology: Similar to parental species.
Means of Introduction: Likely aquarium release or escape from tropical fish farms.
Status: Unknown (but likely failed) in most locations. Shafland et al. (2008) do not mention this as a permanently established species in Florida.
Impact of Introduction: The impacts of this species are currently unknown, as no studies have been done to determine how it has affected ecosystems in the invaded range. The absence of data does not equate to lack of effects. It does, however, mean that research is required to evaluate effects before conclusions can be made.
References: (click for full references)
Buntz, J., and P. Chapman. 1970. A preliminary report on the increasing establishment of non-native fish in the Tampa Bay area. Unpublished report for the Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission. 6pp.
Courtenay, W.R., Jr., H.F. Sahlman, W.W. Miley, and D.J. Herrema. 1974. Exotic fishes in fresh and brackish waters of Florida. Biological Conservation 6(4):292-302.
LaRivers, I. 1962. Fishes and fisheries of Nevada. Nevada State Print Office, Carson City, NV.
Shafland, P.L., K.B. Gestring, and M.S. Stanford. 2008. Florida's Exotic Freshwater Fishes - 2007. Florida Scientist 71(3):220-245.
Fact Sheet for Poecilia latipinna
- USGS Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database
Matt Neilson, and Bill Loftus
Revision Date: 5/9/2019
Peer Review Date: 9/17/2012
Matt Neilson, and Bill Loftus, 2023, Poecilia latipinna × velifera: U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?SpeciesID=859, Revision Date: 5/9/2019, Peer Review Date: 9/17/2012, Access Date: 12/9/2023
This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.