Poecilia latipinna x velifera
(black molly)
Exotic Hybrid
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Poecilia latipinna x velifera

Common name: black molly

Native Range: None; hybrid.

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Nonindigenous Occurrences: Hybrid black mollies have been collected in Brevard, Hillsborough, Palm Beach, and Polk counties, Florida (Buntz and Chapman 1970; Courtenay et al. 1974); Falls Creek, Madison County, Indiana (pers. comm.); and in Big Spring, Nye County, Nevada (LaRivers 1962).

Ecology: Similar to parental species.

Means of Introduction: Likely aquarium release or escape from tropical fish farms.

Status: Unknown (but likely failed) in most locations. Shafland et al. (2008) do not mention this as a permanently established species in Florida.

Impact of Introduction: Unknown.

Remarks: There are many hybrid varieties of several different Poecilia species (including P. latipinna, P. mexicana, P. sphenops, and P. velifera) that are collectively known as 'black mollies'. Also, P. latipinna produces semi-melanistic individuals in its native range.

No voucher specimens exist.

References: (click for full references)

Buntz, J., and P. Chapman. 1970. A preliminary report on the increasing establishment of non-native fish in the Tampa Bay area. Unpublished report for the Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission. 6pp.

Courtenay, W.R., Jr., H.F. Sahlman, W.W. Miley, and D.J. Herrema. 1974. Exotic fishes in fresh and brackish waters of Florida. Biological Conservation 6(4):292-302.

LaRivers, I. 1962. Fishes and fisheries of Nevada. Nevada State Print Office, Carson City, NV.

Shafland, P.L., K.B. Gestring, and M.S. Stanford. 2008. Florida's Exotic Freshwater Fishes - 2007. Florida Scientist 71(3):220-245.

Other Resources:
Fact Sheet for Poecilia latipinna - USGS Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database

Author: Matt Neilson, and Bill Loftus

Revision Date: 9/17/2012

Citation Information:
Matt Neilson, and Bill Loftus, 2017, Poecilia latipinna x velifera: U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?speciesID=859, Revision Date: 9/17/2012, Access Date: 11/22/2017

This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.

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Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2017]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [11/22/2017].

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