Common name: Black-bellied Salamander
available through www.itis.gov
Hydrologic Unit Codes (HUCs) Explained
Puerto Rico &
Interactive maps: Point Distribution Maps
Table 1. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Desmognathus quadramaculatus are found here.
Table last updated 9/30/2022
† Populations may not be currently present.
Means of Introduction: Bait release.
Impact of Introduction: The impacts of this species are currently unknown, as no studies have been done to determine how it has affected ecosystems in the invaded range. The absence of data does not equate to lack of effects. It does, however, mean that research is required to evaluate effects before conclusions can be made.
References: (click for full references)
Conant, R., and J.T. Collins. 1991. A field guide to reptiles and amphibians of eastern and central North America. Volumn 12. Houghton Mifflin Co, Boston, MA.
Crother, B.I. (chair). Committee on Standard and English and Scientific Names. 2008. Scientific and standard English names of amphibians and reptiles of North America north of Mexico, with comments regarding confidence in our understanding. Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles Herpetological Circular. No. 37. iii + 86p.
Denise R. Gregoire, and Robert S. Powell
Revision Date: 8/12/2015
Denise R. Gregoire, and Robert S. Powell, 2022, Desmognathus quadramaculatus (Holbrook, 1840): U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?speciesID=154, Revision Date: 8/12/2015, Access Date: 10/2/2022
This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.