White River crayfish mate in early spring and fall and extrude their eggs in spring (Taylor and Schuster 2004). Procambarus acutus will burrow during dry summer and fall seasons (Taylor and Schuster 2004). These burrows provide protection to females with eggs (Page 1985, CABI 2015). Although they only spawn once each year, P. acutus have relatively high fecundity. Mazlum and Eversole (2004) found that females may lay as many as 556 eggs depending on size and nutritional status.
P. acutus have a generalist diet and feed opportunistically (CABI, 2015). However, there is little else reported about the White River Crayfish diet overall.
While Hobbs (1989) reports P. acutus in slow to moderate flow streams, this species is also found in a variety of habitats, including rivers, ditches, creeks, and swamps (Taylor and Schuster 2004).
References: (click for full references)
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Beauchene, M. 2011. Crayfish distribution project. Connecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection, Bureau of Water Protection and Land Reuse, Hartford, CT. http://www.ct.gov/deep/lib/deep/water/water_quality_management/monitoringpubs/2011_crayfishdist.pdf. Accessed on 09/18/2017.
Bouchard, R.W. 1977. Distribution, systematic status and ecological notes on five poorly known species of crayfish in western North America (Decapoda: Astacidae and Cambaridae). Freshwater Crayfish 3:409-423.
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GBIF. 2013. Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) Database. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. http://www.gbif.org. Accessed on 09/18/2017.
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Hobbs, H.H., Jr. 1989. An illustrated checklist of the American crayfishes (Decapoda: Astacidae, Cambaridae, and Parastacidae). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 480:1-236.
Hobbs, H.H., Jr. 1981. The crayfishes of Georgia. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 318:1-549.
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Accessed on 08/15/2017.
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Loughman, Z. 2007. First record of Procambarus (Ortmannicus) acutus (White River crayfish) in West Virginia, with notes on its natural history. Northeastern Naturalist 14(3):495-500.
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Moorhouse, TP., A.E. Poole, L.C. Evans, D.C. Bradley, D.W. Macdonald. Intensive removal of signal crayfish (Pacifastacus leniusculus) from rivers increases numbers and taxon richness of macroinvertebrate species. Ecology and Evolution 4(4): 494-504
Page, L.M. 1985. The crayfishes and shrimps (Decapoda) of Illinois. Volume 33. State of Illinois Department of Energy and Natural Resources, Champaign, IL.
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Skelton, C.E. 2010. History, status, and conservation of Georgia crayfishes. Southeastern Naturalist 9(3):127-138.
Swecker, C.D., T.D. Jones, J.V. Kilian, and L.F. Roberson. 2010. Key to the crayfish of Maryland. Maryland Department of Natural Resources, Annapolis, MD. http://dnr.maryland.gov/streams/Documents/KeytotheCrayfishesofMD_8_18_10.pdf. Accessed on 09/18/2017.
Taylor, C.A., and G.A. Schuster. 2004. The crayfishes of Kentucky. Illinois Natural History Survey, Champaign, IL.
Taylor, C. A., G. A. Schuster, and D. B. Wylie. 2015. Field guide to crayfishes of the Midwest. Illinois Natural History Survey Manual 15, Champaign, IL.
Walls, J.G. 2009. Crawfishes of Louisiana. Louisiana State University Press, Baton Rouge, LA.
This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.