Common name: tricolor sharkminnow
Synonyms and Other Names: silver shark, bala shark
available through www.itis.gov
Native Range: Native to the Mekong and Chao Phraya basins; Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Sumatra, and Borneo (Kottelat 2001; Rainboth 1996).
Hydrologic Unit Codes (HUCs) Explained
Puerto Rico &
Interactive maps: Point Distribution Maps
Table 1. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Balantiocheilos melanopterus are found here.
Table last updated 12/9/2023
† Populations may not be currently present.
Means of Introduction: Aquarium release.
Impact of Introduction: The impacts of this species are currently unknown, as no studies have been done to determine how it has affected ecosystems in the invaded range. The absence of data does not equate to lack of effects. It does, however, mean that research is required to evaluate effects before conclusions can be made.
References: (click for full references)
Kottelat, M. 2001. Fishes of Laos. Wildlife Heritage Trust Publications, Colombo, Sri Lanka.
Ng., H.H., and M. Kottelat. 2007. Balantiocheilos ambusticauda, a new and possibly extinct species of cyprinid fish from Indochina (Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae). Zootaxa 1463:13-20. http://www.mapress.com/j/zt/article/view/3212
Rainboth, W.J. 1996. Fishes of the Cambodian Mekong. FAO Species Identification Field Guide for Fishery Purposes. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy. http://www.fao.org/docrep/010/v8731e/v8731e00.htm
Seng, P., and G. White. 2003. Indiana aquatic nuisance species (ANS) management plan. Indiana Dept of Natural Resources, Indianapolis, IN.
Revision Date: 6/29/2023
Peer Review Date: 2/18/2009
Neilson, M.E., 2023, Balantiocheilos melanopterus (Bleeker, 1851): U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?speciesID=2616, Revision Date: 6/29/2023, Peer Review Date: 2/18/2009, Access Date: 12/9/2023
This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.