Common name: Redline Darter
Synonyms and Other Names: Nothonotus rufilineatus (Near and Keck 2005; Near et al. 2012).
available through www.itis.gov
Identification: Similar in size, shape and color to other species of Nothonotus darters, but can be distinguished by the presence of black dashes on the cheek and cream-colored spots on the caudal fin base (Jenkins and Burkhead 1994; Page and Burr 2011).
Size: to 8.5 cm SL
Native Range: Tennessee and Cumberland River drainages; Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Virginia (Jenkins and Burkhead 1994; Page and Burr 2011).
Table 1. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Etheostoma rufilineatum are found here.
Table last updated 4/10/2021
† Populations may not be currently present.
Means of Introduction: Unknown.
Impact of Introduction: The impacts of this species are currently unknown, as no studies have been done to determine how it has affected ecosystems in the invaded range. The absence of data does not equate to lack of effects. It does, however, mean that research is required to evaluate effects before conclusions can be made.
References: (click for full references)
Jenkins, R.E., and N.M. Burkhead. 1994. Freshwater fishes of Virginia. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, MD.
Near, T.J., C.M. Bossu, G.S. Bradburd, R.L. Carlson, R.C. Harrington, P.R. Hollingsworth, Jr., B.P. Keck, and D.A. Etnier. 2012. Phylogeny and temporal diversification of darters (Percidae: Etheostomatinae). Systematic Biology 60(5):565-595.
Near, T.J., and B.P. Keck. 2005. Dispersal, vicariance, and timing of diversification in Nothonotus darters. Molecular Ecology 14:3485-3496.
Page, L.M., and B.M. Burr. 2011. Field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Peterson Field Guides series. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, Boston, MA.
Revision Date: 5/6/2019
Peer Review Date: 10/22/2012
Neilson, M.E., 2021, Etheostoma rufilineatum (Cope, 1870): U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?speciesID=2886, Revision Date: 5/6/2019, Peer Review Date: 10/22/2012, Access Date: 4/10/2021
This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.