The Nonindigenous Occurrences section of the NAS species profiles has a new structure. The section is now dynamically updated from the NAS database to ensure that it contains the most current and accurate information. Occurrences are summarized in Table 1, alphabetically by state, with years of earliest and most recent observations, and the tally and names of drainages where the species was observed. The table contains hyperlinks to collections tables of specimens based on the states, years, and drainages selected. References to specimens that were not obtained through sighting reports and personal communications are found through the hyperlink in the Table 1 caption or through the individual specimens linked in the collections tables.

Hybopsis hypsinotus
Hybopsis hypsinotus
(Highback Chub)
Native Transplant

Copyright Info
Hybopsis hypsinotus (Cope, 1870)

Common name: Highback Chub

Synonyms and Other Names: Notropis hypsinotus (Cope, 1870)

Taxonomy: available through www.itis.govITIS logo

Identification: Menhinick (1991), Page and Burr (2011). Generally similar to Yellowfin Shiner (Notropis lutipinnis), but can be distinguished by the presence of a barbel at the corner of the mouth, a strongly arched back, and a dorsal fin origin in front of the pelvic fin origin (Page and Burr 2011).

Size: to 7 cm SL (Page and Burr 2011)

Native Range: Above the Fall Line in the Peedee and Santee basins, including the Broad, Catawba, and Yadkin Rivers (Menhinick 1991; Page and Burr 2011).

Native range data for this species provided in part by NatureServe NS logo
Hydrologic Unit Codes (HUCs) Explained
Interactive maps: Point Distribution Maps

Nonindigenous Occurrences:

Table 1. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Hybopsis hypsinotus are found here.

StateFirst ObservedLast ObservedTotal HUCs with observations†HUCs with observations†
NC200820131Upper New

Table last updated 7/4/2022

† Populations may not be currently present.

Means of Introduction: Likely bait bucket introduction.

Impact of Introduction: The impacts of this species are currently unknown, as no studies have been done to determine how it has affected ecosystems in the invaded range. The absence of data does not equate to lack of effects. It does, however, mean that research is required to evaluate effects before conclusions can be made.

Remarks: Berendzen et al. (2008) showed that H. hypsinotus should not be included as part of the H. amblop species complex.

Museum voucher specimens: North Carolina (NCSM 53287, 53303, 53319, 53338, uncataloged).

References: (click for full references)

Berendzen, P.B., T. Gamble, and A.M. Simons. 2008. Phylogeography of the bigeye chub Hybopsis amblops (Teleostei: Cypriniformes): early Pleistocene diversification and post-glacial range expansion. Journal of Fish Biology 73:2021-2039. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1095-8649.2008.02046.x/pdf.

Menhinick, E.F. 1991. The freshwater fishes of North Carolina. North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission, Raleigh, NC.

Page, L.M., and B.M. Burr. 2011. Field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Peterson Field Guides series. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, Boston, MA.

Other Resources:

Author: Neilson, M.E.

Revision Date: 2/7/2014

Peer Review Date: 2/7/2014

Citation Information:
Neilson, M.E., 2022, Hybopsis hypsinotus (Cope, 1870): U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?speciesID=2911, Revision Date: 2/7/2014, Peer Review Date: 2/7/2014, Access Date: 7/4/2022

This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.


The data represented on this site vary in accuracy, scale, completeness, extent of coverage and origin. It is the user's responsibility to use these data consistent with their intended purpose and within stated limitations. We highly recommend reviewing metadata files prior to interpreting these data.

Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2022]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [7/4/2022].

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For general information and questions about the database, contact Wesley Daniel. For problems and technical issues, contact Matthew Neilson.