Common name: Atlantic Needlefish
available through www.itis.gov
Identification: Smith (1985); Robins and Ray (1986); Mettee et al. (1996).
Size: 61 cm.
Native Range: Marine and fresh water; western Atlantic from Massachusetts to Rio de Janeiro, including coasts of the Gulf of Mexico and the western Caribbean Sea (Boschung 1992).
Table 1. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Strongylura marina are found here.
Table last updated 2/27/2023
† Populations may not be currently present.
Means of Introduction: Gained access to the Tennessee River drainage in Alabama and Tennessee via the Tennessee-Tombigbee Waterway, an artificial canal completed in 1985 (Boschung 1992; Etnier and Starnes 1993).
Status: Established in Alabama and Tennessee. Large schools have been seen in the lower Cumberland River, Tennessee in 2010.
Impact of Introduction: The impacts of this species are currently unknown, as no studies have been done to determine how it has affected ecosystems in the invaded range. The absence of data does not equate to lack of effects. It does, however, mean that research is required to evaluate effects before conclusions can be made.
References: (click for full references)
Boschung, H. T. 1992. Catalogue of freshwater and marine fishes of Alabama. Alabama Museum of Natural History Bulletin 14:1-266.
Etnier, D. A., and W. C. Starnes. 1993. The fishes of Tennessee. University of Tennessee Press, Knoxville, TN.
Robins, C. R., G. C. Ray, and J. Douglass. 1986. A field guide to Atlantic Coast fishes of North America. The Peterson Guide Series, volume 32. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, MA.
Revision Date: 3/6/2011
Peer Review Date: 3/6/2011
Fuller, P., 2023, Strongylura marina (Walbaum, 1792): U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?speciesID=324, Revision Date: 3/6/2011, Peer Review Date: 3/6/2011, Access Date: 6/5/2023
This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.