Common name: Green Jack
available through www.itis.gov
Identification: Miller and Lea (1972); Eschmeyer et al. (1983); Fischer et al. (1995a). Maximum size: 55 cm.
Size: 55 cm.
Native Range: Marine; Santa Cruz Island, Northern Baja and Gulf of California south to Peru, including the Galapagos Islands (Ramirez-Hernández and Gonzales Pages 1976; Miller and Lea 1972; Fischer et al. 1995a).
Table 1. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Caranx caballus are found here.
Table last updated 5/17/2021
† Populations may not be currently present.
Means of Introduction: Intentionally stocked as forage. Stock was obtained from San Diego, California (Walker et al. 1961; Dill and Cordone 1997).
Status: The introduction failed to produce a viable population and the species is extirpated in the Salton Sea.
Impact of Introduction: The impacts of this species are currently unknown, as no studies have been done to determine how it has affected ecosystems in the invaded range. The absence of data does not equate to lack of effects. It does, however, mean that research is required to evaluate effects before conclusions can be made.
References: (click for full references)
Dill, W. A., and A. J. Cordone. 1997. History and status of introduced fishes in California, 1871--1996. Manuscript for Fish Bulletin of the California Department of Fish and Game 178.
Eschmeyer, W. N., E. S. Herald, and H. Hamann. 1983. A field guide to Pacific Coast fishes of North America. Peterson Field Guide Series. Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston, MA.
Fischer, W., F. Krupp, W. Schneider, C. Sommer, K. E. Carpenter, V. H. Niem. 1995a. Guía FAO para la identificatión de especies para los fines de la pesca. Pacifico centro-oriental. Volumen II. Vertebrados - Parte 1. Vol. II: 647--1200. Roma, FAO.
Miller, D. J., and R. N. Lea. 1972. Guide to the coastal marine fishes of California. Fish Bulletin of the California Department of Fish and Game 157:1--235.
Ramirez-Hernández, E. and A. Gonzales Pages. 1976. Catalogo de peces marinos Mexicanos. Mexico, D. F.: Secretaría de Industia y Comercio, Instituto Nacional de Pesca. 462 pp.
Revision Date: 5/7/2019
Peer Review Date: 11/13/2003
Fuller, P., 2021, Caranx caballus Günther, 1868: U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?speciesID=339, Revision Date: 5/7/2019, Peer Review Date: 11/13/2003, Access Date: 5/17/2021
This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.