Common name: Quillback
available through www.itis.gov
Identification: Becker (1983); Page and Burr (1991); Etnier and Starnes (1993); Jenkins and Burkhead (1994). Taxonomy of the genus Carpiodes on the lower Atlantic Slope is uncertain. Some of the forms resembling C. cyprinus and C. velifer may represent undescribed species (Gilbert, personal communication).
Size: 66 cm.
Native Range: Great Lakes and St. Lawrence River, Hudson Bay, and Mississippi River basins from Quebec to Alberta and south to Louisiana; Atlantic Slope drainages from Delaware River, New York, to Altamaha River, South Carolina (except apparently absent from Rappahannock and York drainages in Virginia, and Tar and Neuse drainages in North Carolina). Gulf Slope drainages from Apalachicola River, Florida and Georgia, to Pearl River, Louisiana (Page and Burr 1991).
Table 1. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Carpiodes cyprinus are found here.
Table last updated 9/25/2023
† Populations may not be currently present.
Means of Introduction: Unknown.
Status: Established in Arizona, North Carolina, Virginia and Wisconsin. Unknown in Illinois.
Impact of Introduction: The impacts of this species are currently unknown, as no studies have been done to determine how it has affected ecosystems in the invaded range. The absence of data does not equate to lack of effects. It does, however, mean that research is required to evaluate effects before conclusions can be made.
References: (click for full references)
Becker, G.C. 1983. Fishes of Wisconsin. University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, WI.
Etnier, D.A., and W.C. Starnes. 1993. The fishes of Tennessee. University of Tennessee Press, Knoxville, TN.
Gilbert, C.R. - Florida Museum of Natural History, Gainesville, FL.
Jenkins, R.E., and N.M. Burkhead. 1994. Freshwater fishes of Virginia. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, MD.
Miller, R.R., and C.H. Lowe. 1967. Fishes of Arizona. 133-151 in Lowe, C.H., ed. The vertebrates of Arizona. University of Arizona Press, Tucson, AZ.
Menhinick, E.F. 1991. The freshwater fishes of North Carolina. North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission.
Page, L.M., and B.M. Burr. 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. The Peterson Field Guide Series, volume 42. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, MA.
Savitz, J., L.G. Bardygula, and L. Scoma. 1989b. The first record of the quillback carpsucker (Carpiodes cyprinus) in Illinois waters of Lake Michigan. Transactions of the Illinois Academy of Science 82(3&4):191-192.
Revision Date: 7/2/2019
Peer Review Date: 7/22/2004
Fuller, P., 2023, Carpiodes cyprinus (Lesueur, 1817): U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?speciesID=342, Revision Date: 7/2/2019, Peer Review Date: 7/22/2004, Access Date: 9/25/2023
This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.