The Nonindigenous Occurrences section of the NAS species profiles has a new structure. The section is now dynamically updated from the NAS database to ensure that it contains the most current and accurate information. Occurrences are summarized in Table 1, alphabetically by state, with years of earliest and most recent observations, and the tally and names of drainages where the species was observed. The table contains hyperlinks to collections tables of specimens based on the states, years, and drainages selected. References to specimens that were not obtained through sighting reports and personal communications are found through the hyperlink in the Table 1 caption or through the individual specimens linked in the collections tables.

Moxostoma macrolepidotum
Moxostoma macrolepidotum
(Shorthead Redhorse)
Native Transplant

Copyright Info
Moxostoma macrolepidotum (Lesueur, 1817)

Common name: Shorthead Redhorse

Taxonomy: available through www.itis.govITIS logo

Identification: Page and Burr (1991); Jenkins and Burkhead (1994).

Size: 75 cm.

Native Range: Great Lakes--St. Lawrence River, Hudson Bay, and Mississippi River basins from Quebec to Alberta and south to northern Alabama and Oklahoma; Atlantic Slope drainages from Hudson River, New York to Santee River, South Carolina (Page and Burr 1991).

Native range data for this species provided in part by NatureServe NS logo
Hydrologic Unit Codes (HUCs) Explained
Interactive maps: Point Distribution Maps

Nonindigenous Occurrences:

Table 1. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Moxostoma macrolepidotum are found here.

StateFirst ObservedLast ObservedTotal HUCs with observations†HUCs with observations†
NY200620061Lower Hudson

Table last updated 2/27/2023

† Populations may not be currently present.

Means of Introduction: Unknown.

Status: Reported from Texas.

Impact of Introduction: The impacts of this species are currently unknown, as no studies have been done to determine how it has affected ecosystems in the invaded range. The absence of data does not equate to lack of effects. It does, however, mean that research is required to evaluate effects before conclusions can be made.

Remarks: Page and Burr (1991) refer to an isolated "population" in southern Oklahoma, implying the species is established there. Miller and Robison (1973) reported a single collection from the Red River basin but mapped it on the Oklahoma side of the river.

References: (click for full references)

Cross, F. B., R. L. Mayden, and J. D. Stewart. 1986. Fishes in the western Mississippi drainage. Pages 363--412 in C. H. Hocutt, and E. O. Wiley, editors. The Zoogeography of North American Freshwater Fishes. John Wiley and Sons, New York, NY.

Jenkins, R. E., and N. M. Burkhead. 1994. Freshwater fishes of Virginia. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, MD.

Page, L. M., and B. M. Burr. 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. The Peterson Field Guide Series, volume 42. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, MA.

Riggs, C. D., and G. A. Moore. 1963. A new record of Moxostoma macrolepidotum pisolabrum, and a range extension for Percina shumardi, in the Red River, Oklahoma and Texas. Copeia 1963(2):451--452.

Schmidt, R. E., Morse, R., and B. Weatherwax.  2007.  First record of the central stoneroller (Campostoma anomalum) in the Tidal Hudson River.  Northeastern Naturalist 14(3):  492-494 pp.

Wetzel, M. J., K. S. Cummings, D. A. Carney, and P. A. Ceas.  1987.  Survey of Embarras River mussels (Mollusca: Unionidae) and fishes at the FAS/BRS 705 (Illinois Route 49) bridge north of Ste. Marie, Jasper County Illinois.  IDOT job number P-97-034-83 (83-00062-00-BR) (Final Report).  28 pp.

Other Resources:
FishBase Summary

Author: Fuller, P.

Revision Date: 7/2/2019

Peer Review Date: 6/3/1999

Citation Information:
Fuller, P., 2023, Moxostoma macrolepidotum (Lesueur, 1817): U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?speciesID=366, Revision Date: 7/2/2019, Peer Review Date: 6/3/1999, Access Date: 6/2/2023

This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.


The data represented on this site vary in accuracy, scale, completeness, extent of coverage and origin. It is the user's responsibility to use these data consistent with their intended purpose and within stated limitations. We highly recommend reviewing metadata files prior to interpreting these data.

Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2023]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [6/2/2023].

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