Bufo bufo
Bufo bufo
(European Toad)
Amphibians-Frogs
Exotic
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Bufo bufo (Linnaeus, 1758)

Common name: European Toad

Taxonomy: available through www.itis.govITIS logo

Native Range: Bufo Bufo is native to the following countries: Albania; Algeria; Andorra; Austria; Belarus; Belgium; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Czech Republic; Denmark; Estonia; Finland; France; Germany; Gibraltar; Greece; Hungary; Italy; Kazakhstan; Latvia; Lebanon; Liechtenstein; Lithuania; Luxembourg; the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia; Moldova; Monaco; Montenegro; Morocco; Netherlands; Norway; Poland; Portugal; Romania; Russian Federation; San Marino; Serbia; Slovakia; Slovenia; Spain; Sweden; Switzerland; Syrian Arab Republic; Tunisia; Turkey; Ukraine; United Kingdom (Agasyan et al., 2009)

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Alaska
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Hawaii
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Puerto Rico &
Virgin Islands
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Guam Saipan
Interactive maps: Point Distribution Maps

Nonindigenous Occurrences: A single individual was collected in Kauai, Hawaii in 1933 (Oliver and Shaw, 1953), and another individual was collected from Kauai in both 1936 (McKeown, 1996) and 1953 (Oliver and Shaw, 1953).

Means of Introduction: Stocked for biocontrol.

Status: Unknown.

Impact of Introduction: Unknown.

References: (click for full references)

Agasyan, A., A., Avisi, B. Tuniyev, J.C. Isailovic, P. Lymberakis, C. Andrén, D. Cogalniceanu, J. Wilkinson, N. Ananjeva, N. Üzüm, N. Orlov, R. Podloucky, S. Tuniyev, and U. Kaya. 2009. Bufo bufo. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. http://www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded on 27 July 2015.

McKeown, S. 1996. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians in the Hawaiian Islands. Diamond Head Publishing, Inc, Los Osos, CA.

Oliver, J.A., and C.E. Shaw. 1953. The amphibians and reptiles of the Hawaiian Islands. Zoologica 38(5): 65-95.

Author: Powell, R.S.

Revision Date: 8/11/2015

Citation Information:
Powell, R.S., 2018, Bufo bufo (Linnaeus, 1758): U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?speciesID=47, Revision Date: 8/11/2015, Access Date: 1/22/2018

This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.

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Page Last Modified: Thursday, December 21, 2017

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The data represented on this site vary in accuracy, scale, completeness, extent of coverage and origin. It is the user's responsibility to use these data consistent with their intended purpose and within stated limitations. We highly recommend reviewing metadata files prior to interpreting these data.

Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2018]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [1/22/2018].

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