Common name: Marquesan sardine
available through www.itis.gov
Identification: This species was presumed to be Harengula vittata, but subsequently described as a new species, Sardinella marquesensis in 1968 by Berry and Whitehead (see Randall 1987).
Native Range: Endemic to the Marquesas (Mundy 2005).
Introduced to Hawaii in 1955-1958. Established in the marine waters off the islands of Oahu, Kaunai, Maui, Lanai, Molokai, Kahoolawe (Mundy 2005).
Table 1. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Sardinella marquesensis are found here.
Table last updated 9/30/2019
† Populations may not be currently present.
Ecology: Pelagic over shallow coastal waters (Mundy 2005).
Means of Introduction: Stocked. Transported to Oahu during seven research vessel cruises from the Marquesas during 1955 to 1958.
Status: Established on all islands of Hawaii (Mundy 2005).
Impact of Introduction: The impacts of this species are currently unknown, as no studies have been done to determine how it has affected ecosystems in the invaded range. The absence of data does not equate to lack of effects. It does, however, mean that research is required to evaluate effects before conclusions can be made.
References: (click for full references)
Mundy, B.C. 2005. Checklist of fishes of the Hawiian Archipelago. Bishop Museum Bulletin in Zoology, Number 6.
Randall, J.E. 1987. Introductions of marine fishes to the Hawaiian Islands. Bulletin of Marine Science 41: 490-502.
Revision Date: 9/15/2011
Peer Review Date: 4/1/2016
Schofield, P.J., 2019, Sardinella marquesensis Berry and Whitehead, 1968: U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?speciesID=497, Revision Date: 9/15/2011, Peer Review Date: 4/1/2016, Access Date: 10/19/2019
This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.