Common name: coolie loach
Synonyms and Other Names: giant coolie loach, leopard eel, prickly eye, striped loach, leopard loach, kuhli loach, Kuhl's loach
available through www.itis.gov
Identification: Distinguishing characteristics were given by Sterba (1973), Kottelat and Lim (1993). According to Kottelat et al. (1993), Pangio kuhlii may represent a species complex; commonly used synonyms include Acanthophthalmus kuhli, A. semicinctus, and Pangio semicincta. Illustrations or photographs appeared in Sterba (1973), Axelrod et al. (1985), Kottelat et al. (1993), and Sakurai et al. (1993).
Size: 8 cm (Sterba 1973) to 12 cm TL (Riehl and Baensch 1991)
Native Range: Sumatra, Borneo, Java, Malaysia (Kottelat et al. 1993).
Hydrologic Unit Codes (HUCs) Explained
Puerto Rico &
Interactive maps: Point Distribution Maps
Table 1. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Pangio kuhlii are found here.
Table last updated 9/26/2023
† Populations may not be currently present.
Means of Introduction: Probable escape from an ornamental fish farm.
Status: Failed in Florida.
Impact of Introduction: The impacts of this species are currently unknown, as no studies have been done to determine how it has affected ecosystems in the invaded range. The absence of data does not equate to lack of effects. It does, however, mean that research is required to evaluate effects before conclusions can be made.
References: (click for full references)
Axelrod, H. R., W. E. Burgess, N. Pronek, and J. G. Walls. 1985. Dr. Axelrod's atlas of freshwater aquarium fishes. Tropical Fish Hobbyist Publications, Inc., Neptune City, NJ.
Kottelat, M. and K.K.P. Lim. 1993. A review of the eel-loaches of the genus Pangio (Teleostei: Cobitidae) from the Malay Peninsula, with descriptions of six new species. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 41(2): 208-210.
Kottelat, M., A. J. Whitten, S. N. Kartikasari, and S. Wirjoatmodjo. 1993. Freshwater fishes of Western Indonesia and Sulawesi. Periplus Editions, Ltd., Republic of Indonesia. 221 pp. (+ plates).
Rieh. R. and H.A. Baensch. 1991 Aquarien Atlas. Band 1. Melle: Mergus, Verlag für Natur-und Heimtierkunde, Germany. 992 p.
Sterba, G. 1973. Freshwater fishes of the world. English translation and revision from German. Two volumes. Tropical Fish Hobbyist Publications, Inc., Neptune City, NJ.
Leo Nico, and Bill Loftus
Revision Date: 7/30/2019
Peer Review Date: 7/26/2012
Leo Nico, and Bill Loftus, 2023, Pangio kuhlii (Valenciennes in Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1846): U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?speciesID=500, Revision Date: 7/30/2019, Peer Review Date: 7/26/2012, Access Date: 9/26/2023
This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.