The Nonindigenous Occurrences section of the NAS species profiles has a new structure. The section is now dynamically updated from the NAS database to ensure that it contains the most current and accurate information. Occurrences are summarized in Table 1, alphabetically by state, with years of earliest and most recent observations, and the tally and names of drainages where the species was observed. The table contains hyperlinks to collections tables of specimens based on the states, years, and drainages selected. References to specimens that were not obtained through sighting reports and personal communications are found through the hyperlink in the Table 1 caption or through the individual specimens linked in the collections tables.

Clinostomus funduloides
Clinostomus funduloides
(Rosyside Dace)
Native Transplant

Copyright Info
Clinostomus funduloides Girard, 1856

Common name: Rosyside Dace

Taxonomy: available through www.itis.govITIS logo

Identification: Page and Burr (1991); Etnier and Starnes (1993); Jenkins and Burkhead (1994); three subspecies recognized.

Size: 11 cm.

Native Range: Atlantic Slope (mostly above the Fall Line) from lower Delaware River drainage, Pennsylvania, to Savannah River drainage, Georgia; Ohio River basin, West Virginia, Virginia, southern Ohio, Kentucky, Tennessee, North Carolina, Alabama, and Mississippi. Absent in Ohio River basin between central Ohio and Cumberland River (including most of Kentucky) (Page and Burr 1991).

Native range data for this species provided in part by NatureServe NS logo
Hydrologic Unit Codes (HUCs) Explained
Interactive maps: Point Distribution Maps

Nonindigenous Occurrences:

Table 1. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Clinostomus funduloides are found here.

StateFirst ObservedLast ObservedTotal HUCs with observations†HUCs with observations†
NH201020101Waits River-Connecticut River
NC200020153Nolichucky; Upper Broad; Watauga, North Carolina, Tennessee
VT201320151Waits River-Connecticut River
VA198019981Upper Levisa

Table last updated 6/12/2024

† Populations may not be currently present.

Means of Introduction: Unknown.

Status: Established, possibly introduced, in extreme western part of Virginia.  Collected in Connecticut, New Hampshire, North Carolina, and Ohio. 

Impact of Introduction: The impacts of this species are currently unknown, as no studies have been done to determine how it has affected ecosystems in the invaded range. The absence of data does not equate to lack of effects. It does, however, mean that research is required to evaluate effects before conclusions can be made.

Remarks: Although Lee et al. (1980 et seq.) suggested that this species was possibly introduced into the upper Tennessee drainage of Virginia, Jenkins and Burkhead (1994) concluded that Clinostomus funduloides was native to that area. Gilbert (personal communication) stated that the species is clearly native to the middle and lower Tennessee River drainage, and he believes there is a good chance that the fish is native to the upper reaches as well. There is also some uncertainty concerning the native versus introduced distribution of this species in other areas. For example, the distribution map of Lee et al. (1980 et seq.) seems to indicate the occurrence of this species in the Delaware drainage (Pennsylvania), an occurrence that seems to be based on a single record. Consequently, Gilbert (personal communication) is suspicious of its natural occurrence there, particularly considering that the fish faunas of the Delaware and Susquehanna drainages are substantially different.

References: (click for full references)

Powers, S.L. and P.A. Ceas. 2000. Ichthyofauna and biogeography of Russell Fork (Big Sandy River - Ohio River). Southeastern Fishes Council Proceedings 41:1-12.

Other Resources:
FishBase Summary

Author: Pam Fuller, and Matt Neilson

Revision Date: 5/6/2019

Peer Review Date: 3/27/2014

Citation Information:
Pam Fuller, and Matt Neilson, 2024, Clinostomus funduloides Girard, 1856: U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?speciesID=511, Revision Date: 5/6/2019, Peer Review Date: 3/27/2014, Access Date: 6/12/2024

This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.


The data represented on this site vary in accuracy, scale, completeness, extent of coverage and origin. It is the user's responsibility to use these data consistent with their intended purpose and within stated limitations. We highly recommend reviewing metadata files prior to interpreting these data.

Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2024]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [6/12/2024].

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