Common name: Hitch
available through www.itis.gov
Identification: Moyle (1976a); Page and Burr (1991).
Size: 36 cm.
Native Range: Clear Lake, Russian River, Sacramento-San Joaquin, San Francisco, and Monterey Bay drainages, California (Page and Burr 1991).
Table 1. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Lavinia exilicauda are found here.
Table last updated 2/27/2023
† Populations may not be currently present.
Means of Introduction: Some records may represent regular immigrants from central California (Swift et al. 1993). Some records may be the result of bait bucket releases. The species was reportedly sold as bait in the lower Colorado River (Miller 1952). Kimsey and Fisk (1960) suggested that it was one of several species in California widely transported as bait. They reported that it was collected in 1954 from Ramer Lake, Imperial County, about 320 road miles south of its regular range.
Status: Established in parts of southern California (Swift et al. 1993).
Impact of Introduction: Unknown. Possibly in reference to introduced populations, Moyle (1976a) stated that the species is largely regarded as a nuisance by fisheries managers.
Revision Date: 8/5/2004
Peer Review Date: 8/5/2004
Nico, L., 2023, Lavinia exilicauda Baird and Girard in Girard, 1854: U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?speciesID=553, Revision Date: 8/5/2004, Peer Review Date: 8/5/2004, Access Date: 3/26/2023
This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.