The Nonindigenous Occurrences section of the NAS species profiles has a new structure. The section is now dynamically updated from the NAS database to ensure that it contains the most current and accurate information. Occurrences are summarized in Table 1, alphabetically by state, with years of earliest and most recent observations, and the tally and names of drainages where the species was observed. The table contains hyperlinks to collections tables of specimens based on the states, years, and drainages selected. References to specimens that were not obtained through sighting reports and personal communications are found through the hyperlink in the Table 1 caption or through the individual specimens linked in the collections tables.

Luxilus chrysocephalus
Luxilus chrysocephalus
(Striped Shiner)
Native Transplant

Copyright Info
Luxilus chrysocephalus Rafinesque, 1820

Common name: Striped Shiner

Taxonomy: available through www.itis.govITIS logo

Identification: Gilbert (1964); Becker (1983); Page and Burr (1991); Etnier and Starnes (1993); Jenkins and Burkhead (1994); Pflieger (1997); another commonly used name is Notropis chrysocephalus. There are two distinct subspecies, L. c. chrysocephalus and L. c. isolepis (Gilbert 1998).

Size: 18 cm.

Native Range: Great Lakes and Mississippi River basins, from western New York and southeastern Wisconsin south to Alabama, Louisiana, and eastern Texas; Gulf Coast drainage from Mobile Bay, Georgia and Alabama, to Lake Pontchartrain, Louisiana (Page and Burr 1991).

Native range data for this species provided in part by NatureServe NS logo
Hydrologic Unit Codes (HUCs) Explained
Interactive maps: Point Distribution Maps

Nonindigenous Occurrences:

Table 1. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Luxilus chrysocephalus are found here.

StateFirst ObservedLast ObservedTotal HUCs with observations†HUCs with observations†
AL196619922Escambia; Lower Conecuh
WV199319933Greenbrier; Lower New; North Branch Potomac

Table last updated 4/17/2024

† Populations may not be currently present.

Means of Introduction: Unknown; possible bait bucket release.

Status: Established in West Virginia.

Impact of Introduction: The impacts of this species are currently unknown, as no studies have been done to determine how it has affected ecosystems in the invaded range. The absence of data does not equate to lack of effects. It does, however, mean that research is required to evaluate effects before conclusions can be made.

Remarks: There is some uncertainty concerning the native versus nonnative geographic distribution of this species. In their summary table on the distribution and status of West Virginia fishes, Stauffer et al. (1995) considered this species to be native to the Kanawha River drainage below the falls. Gilbert (personal communication) concluded that the population of L. chrysocephalus isolepis in the Escambia River drainage of Alabama and Florida to be introduced. The same case has been made for other minnow species recently found in the Escambia, including Nocomis leptocephalus and Notropis baileyi. Gilbert (1992) noted that these species were absent in all early samples taken from that drainage. In their summary table on Alabama fishes, Mettee et al. (1996) listed this species as native to the Conecuh (Escambia) River drainage. Although not considered a true introduction in our treatment, Pflieger (1997) noted that the species had disappeared from certain streams in Missouri but it became re-established, possibly the result of an undocumented reintroduction.

References: (click for full references)

Tilmant, J.T. 1999. Management of nonindigenous aquatic fish in the U.S. National Park System. National Park Service. 50 pp.

Other Resources:
FishBase Summary

Author: Nico, L.

Revision Date: 5/6/2019

Peer Review Date: 8/5/2004

Citation Information:
Nico, L., 2024, Luxilus chrysocephalus Rafinesque, 1820: U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?speciesID=560, Revision Date: 5/6/2019, Peer Review Date: 8/5/2004, Access Date: 4/18/2024

This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.


The data represented on this site vary in accuracy, scale, completeness, extent of coverage and origin. It is the user's responsibility to use these data consistent with their intended purpose and within stated limitations. We highly recommend reviewing metadata files prior to interpreting these data.

Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2024]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [4/18/2024].

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