Disclaimer:

The Nonindigenous Occurrences section of the NAS species profiles has a new structure. The section is now dynamically updated from the NAS database to ensure that it contains the most current and accurate information. Occurrences are summarized in Table 1, alphabetically by state, with years of earliest and most recent observations, and the tally and names of drainages where the species was observed. The table contains hyperlinks to collections tables of specimens based on the states, years, and drainages selected. References to specimens that were not obtained through sighting reports and personal communications are found through the hyperlink in the Table 1 caption or through the individual specimens linked in the collections tables.




Luxilus coccogenis
Luxilus coccogenis
(Warpaint Shiner)
Fishes
Native Transplant
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Luxilus coccogenis (Cope, 1868)

Common name: Warpaint Shiner

Taxonomy: available through www.itis.govITIS logo

Identification: Gilbert (1964); Page and Burr (1991); Etnier and Starnes (1993); Jenkins and Burkhead (1994); another commonly used name is Notropis coccogenis.

Size: 14 cm.

Native Range: Upper Tennessee River drainage, western Virginia, western North Carolina, Tennessee, northern Georgia, and northern Alabama, and adjacent tributaries of the Savannah River in North and South Carolina (Page and Burr 1991). Also found in the Catawba, Broad, and Savannah drainages in North Carolina (Menhinick 1991

US auto-generated map Legend USGS Logo
Alaska auto-generated map
Alaska
Hawaii auto-generated map
Hawaii
Caribbean auto-generated map
Puerto Rico &
Virgin Islands
Guam auto-generated map
Guam Saipan
Native range data for this species provided in part by NatureServe NS logo
Hydrologic Unit Codes (HUCs) Explained
Interactive maps: Point Distribution Maps

Nonindigenous Occurrences:

Table 1. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Luxilus coccogenis are found here.

StateYear of earliest observationYear of last observationTotal HUCs with observations†HUCs with observations†
North Carolina194120186Lower Broad; Seneca; South Fork Catawba; Upper Catawba; Upper New; Upper Yadkin
South Carolina195320094Santee; Santee; Seneca; Tugaloo
Tennessee199019944Barren; Buffalo; Harpeth; Upper Duck
Virginia198619861Kanawha

Table last updated 4/6/2019

† Populations may not be currently present.


Means of Introduction: Unknown; probable bait bucket release.

Status: Established in Santee drainage, South Carolina; reported, possibly established in the New River drainage, North Carolina; reported from the New River drainage in Virginia.

Impact of Introduction: The impacts of this species are currently unknown, as no studies have been done to determine how it has affected ecosystems in the invaded range. The absence of data does not equate to lack of effects. It does, however, mean that research is required to evaluate effects before conclusions can be made.

Remarks: Stauffer et al. (1995) listed this species as "present; probably introduced" in the Kanawha River drainage above the falls (i.e., the New River drainage), but they indicated that the shiner has never been recorded in West Virginia.

References: (click for full references)

Hocutt, C.H., R.E. Jenkins, and J.R. Stauffer, Jr. 1986. Zoogeography of the Fishes of the Central Appalachians and Central Atlantic Coastal Plain. In C.H. Hocutt and E.O. Wiley, eds. The Zoogeography of North American Freshwater Fishes. 161-212.

Rohde, F. C., R. G. Arndt, J. W. Foltz, and J. M. Quattro.  2009.  Freshwater Fishes of South Carolin.  University of South Carolina Press, Columbia, SC. 430 pp.

Other Resources:
FishBase Summary

Author: Leo Nico, and Pam Fuller

Revision Date: 7/2/2019

Peer Review Date: 4/1/2016

Citation Information:
Leo Nico, and Pam Fuller, 2019, Luxilus coccogenis (Cope, 1868): U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?speciesID=562, Revision Date: 7/2/2019, Peer Review Date: 4/1/2016, Access Date: 8/19/2019

This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.

Disclaimer:

The data represented on this site vary in accuracy, scale, completeness, extent of coverage and origin. It is the user's responsibility to use these data consistent with their intended purpose and within stated limitations. We highly recommend reviewing metadata files prior to interpreting these data.

Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2019]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [8/19/2019].

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