Common name: Rosefin Shiner
available through www.itis.gov
Identification: Page and Burr (1991); Etnier and Starnes (1993); Jenkins and Burkhead (1994); another commonly used name is Notropis ardens. Snelson (1990) recognized two subspecies, L. a. ardens and L. a. fasciolaris. Dimmick et al. (1996) recognized L. ardens as a species complex; as part of a re-evaluation, they elevated L. a. fasciolaris to species status, and resurrected L. matutinus from synonymy. Mayden et al. (1992) and Gilbert (1998) treated all three species as valid.
Size: 8.5 cm.
Native Range: Atlantic Slope from York River drainage (where probably introduced), Virginia, to the Cape Fear drainage, North Carolina, and in several drainages of the Ohio basin in Virginia and West Virginia (Snelson 1990; Jenkins and Burkhead 1994).
Table 1. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Lythrurus ardens are found here.
Table last updated 11/28/2023
† Populations may not be currently present.
Means of Introduction: Unknown; probable bait bucket release. In Virginia, it was first discovered in the South Anna system (Deep Creek) of the York River drainage in 1968, and probably later spread into the North Anna system where it was first discovered in 1979; the species is presumed to have come from an adjacent portion of the James River drainage (Snelson 1990; Jenkins and Burkhead 1994).
Status: Established in Virginia.
Impact of Introduction: The impacts of this species are currently unknown, as no studies have been done to determine how it has affected ecosystems in the invaded range. The absence of data does not equate to lack of effects. It does, however, mean that research is required to evaluate effects before conclusions can be made.
Leo Nico, and Pam Fuller
Revision Date: 8/29/2013
Peer Review Date: 8/29/2013
Leo Nico, and Pam Fuller, 2023, Lythrurus ardens (Cope, 1868): U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?speciesID=565, Revision Date: 8/29/2013, Peer Review Date: 8/29/2013, Access Date: 11/28/2023
This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.