The Nonindigenous Occurrences section of the NAS species profiles has a new structure. The section is now dynamically updated from the NAS database to ensure that it contains the most current and accurate information. Occurrences are summarized in Table 1, alphabetically by state, with years of earliest and most recent observations, and the tally and names of drainages where the species was observed. The table contains hyperlinks to collections tables of specimens based on the states, years, and drainages selected. References to specimens that were not obtained through sighting reports and personal communications are found through the hyperlink in the Table 1 caption or through the individual specimens linked in the collections tables.

Nocomis raneyi
Nocomis raneyi
(Bull Chub)
Native Transplant

Copyright Info
Nocomis raneyi Lachner and Jenkins, 1971

Common name: Bull Chub

Taxonomy: available through www.itis.govITIS logo

Identification: Page and Burr (1991); Jenkins and Burkhead (1994). Maximum size: 32 cm.

Native Range: Atlantic Slope drainages from James River, Virginia, to Neuse River, North Carolina (Page and Burr 1991).

Native range data for this species provided in part by NatureServe NS logo
Hydrologic Unit Codes (HUCs) Explained
Interactive maps: Point Distribution Maps

Nonindigenous Occurrences:

Table 1. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Nocomis raneyi are found here.

StateFirst ObservedLast ObservedTotal HUCs with observations†HUCs with observations†
VA195119945James; Lower James; Middle James-Buffalo; Middle James-Willis; Upper James

Table last updated 10/5/2022

† Populations may not be currently present.

Means of Introduction: Unknown; probable bait bucket release.

Status: Established in North Carolina and Virginia.

Impact of Introduction: The spread of Bull Chub in the James drainage may be linked to the apparent disappearance of the closely-related river chub N. micropogon from much of the drainage during 1970s and 1980s (Jenkins and Burkhead 1994).

Remarks: Jenkins and Burkhead (1994) discussed the native versus nonnative distribution of this species in Virginia. Jenkins et al. (1972), Hocutt et al. (1986), and Jenkins and Burkhead (1994) listed N. raneyi as "regarded as native, but possibly introduced" for the James River drainage. Nocomis raneyi and N. micropogon are known to hybridize (Jenkins and Burkhead 1994).

References: (click for full references)

Hocutt, C.H., R.E. Jenkins, and J.R. Stauffer, Jr. 1986. Zoogeography of the fishes of the central Appalachians and central Atlantic coastal plain. Pages 161-212 in Hocutt, C.H., and E.O. Wiley, eds. The zoogeography of North American freshwater fishes. John Wiley and Sons. New York, NY.

Jenkins, R.E., and N.M. Burkhead. 1994. Freshwater Fishes of Virginia. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, MD.

Jenkins, R.E., E.A. Lachner, and F.J. Schwartz. 1972. Fishes of the central Appalachian drainages: their distribution and dispersal. Pages 43-117 in The distributional history of the biota of the Southern Appalachians -- Part III. Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. Blacksburg, VA.

Menhinick, E.F. 1991. The Freshwater Fishes of North Carolina. North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission.

Other Resources:
FishBase Summary

Author: Nico, L.

Revision Date: 12/5/2003

Peer Review Date: 12/5/2003

Citation Information:
Nico, L., 2022, Nocomis raneyi Lachner and Jenkins, 1971: U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?speciesID=578, Revision Date: 12/5/2003, Peer Review Date: 12/5/2003, Access Date: 10/6/2022

This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.


The data represented on this site vary in accuracy, scale, completeness, extent of coverage and origin. It is the user's responsibility to use these data consistent with their intended purpose and within stated limitations. We highly recommend reviewing metadata files prior to interpreting these data.

Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2022]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [10/6/2022].

Contact us if you are using data from this site for a publication to make sure the data are being used appropriately and for potential co-authorship if warranted.

For general information and questions about the database, contact Wesley Daniel. For problems and technical issues, contact Matthew Neilson.