Common name: Redlip Shiner
available through www.itis.gov
Identification: Page and Burr (1991); Jenkins and Burkhead (1994).
Size: 7.2 cm.
Native Range: Dan River (Roanoke River drainage) and Peedee River drainages, Virginia and North Carolina (Page and Burr 1991).
Table 1. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Notropis chiliticus are found here.
Table last updated 9/30/2023
† Populations may not be currently present.
Means of Introduction: Possible bait bucket releases. Richardson and Carnes (1964, in Jenkins and Burkhead 1994) speculated that it probably was introduced into the Little River system by bait fishermen. It was first discovered in the Little River system in 1963 (Richardson and Carnes 1964); in Big Chestnut Creek, Virginia, in 1976; and in the Deep River system, North Carolina, in 1985 (Jenkins and Burkhead 1994).
Status: Established in North Carolina and Virginia. The Big Chestnut Creek population is "flourishing" (Jenkins and Burkhead 1994).
Impact of Introduction: In the Dutchmans Creek subbasin of the Catawba River (Lincoln & Gaston Counties, NC) N. chiliticus hybridizes profusely with N. chlorocephalus. Limited sampling during the 90's, reported hybrids as abundant and "pure" chlorocephalus (based on appearance) as uncommon (Gerald Potten, personal communication). Some of these hybrids were nearly indistinguishable from N. lutipinnis, which (supposedly) doesn't occur in the Catawba River
References: (click for full references)
Hocutt, C.H., R.E. Jenkins, and J.R. Stauffer, Jr. 1986. Zoogeography of the fishes of the central Appalachians and central Atlantic Coastal Plain. 161-212 in
C.H. Hocutt and E.O. Wiley, eds. The zoogeography of North American freshwater fishes. John Wiley and Sons, New York, NY.
Jenkins, R.E., and N.M. Burkhead. 1994. Freshwater Fishes of Virginia. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, MD.
Lee, D.S., C.R. Gilbert, C.H. Hocutt, R.E. Jenkins, D.E. McAllister, and J.R. Stauffer, Jr. 1980. Atlas of North American freshwater fishes. North Carolina State Museum of Natural History, Raleigh, NC.Menhinick, E. F. 1991. The freshwater fishes of North Carolina. North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission, Raleigh, NC.
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr. 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. The Peterson Guide Series, vol. 42. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, MA.
Richardson, F.R., and W.C. Carnes. 1964. Survey and classification of the New River and tributaries, North Carolina. Final Report, Federal Aid in Fish Restoration Job I-O, Project F-14-R. North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission, Raleigh, NC.
Leo Nico, and Matt Cannister
Revision Date: 11/30/2010
Peer Review Date: 11/30/2010
Leo Nico, and Matt Cannister, 2023, Notropis chiliticus (Cope, 1870): U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?speciesID=591, Revision Date: 11/30/2010, Peer Review Date: 11/30/2010, Access Date: 9/30/2023
This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.