Common name: Chub Shiner
available through www.itis.gov
Identification: Hubbs et al. (1991); Page and Burr (1991).
Size: 11 cm.
Native Range: Brazos, San Jacinto, Trinity, and Colorado rivers, Texas; possibly includes the Red River drainage in Oklahoma, Texas, Arkansas, and Louisiana (Lee et al. 1980 et seq.; Page and Burr 1991; Gilbert, personal communication).
Table 1. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Notropis potteri are found here.
Table last updated 9/30/2019
† Populations may not be currently present.
Means of Introduction: The first record of this species in the Red River drainage is that of Hubbs and Bonham (1951) who reported it as existing in and about Lake Texoma, an artificial impoundment on the Texas-Oklahoma border. These researchers interpreted its occurrence in the Lake Texoma area to be the result of the establishment of escaped bait minnows. Hall (1956) also considered a bait bucket release as the possible mode of entry into the Red River drainage based on the fact that Notropis potteri was being used as a bait fish. If its occurrence in the Red River drainage near Lake Texoma is the result of an introduction, then records of this species in downstream areas of that drainage may represent subsequent spread of introduced populations and their offspring (Gilbert, personal communication). Yurgens (1954) reported N. potteri from Lake Travis (Colorado River drainage) in Texas and speculated that this species and several other recently discovered minnows were likely introduced as a bait release into the Colorado River drainage. He based his conclusion on recent captures and on the fact that bait dealers had been transporting Brazos River minnows in large numbers to fishing camps on Lake Travis near Austin.
Status: Established in Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas. In their treatment of Arkansas fishes, Robison and Buchanan (1988) noted that it was confined to the main channel of the Red River where it is locally abundant.
Impact of Introduction: Unknown. Suttkus and Clemmer (1968) believed that Notropis potteri is native to the Red River system. However, they speculated that, if man introduced this species to the Red, "it has swamped out and completely, or nearly so, replaced [Notropis] blennius in the shallow marginal areas of the lower Red River."
References: (click for full references)
Conner, J.V., and R.D. Suttkus. 1986. Zoogeography of freshwater fishes of the western Gulf slope of North America. Pages 413-456 in Hocutt, C.H., and E.O. Wiley, eds. The zoogeography of North American freshwater fishes. John Wiley and Sons. New York, NY.
Cross, F.B., R.L. Mayden, and J.D. Stewart. 1986. Fishes in the western Mississippi basin (Missouri, Arkansas and Red Rivers). Pages 363-412 in Hocutt, C.H., and E.O. Wiley, eds. The zoogeography of North American freshwater fishes. John Wiley and Sons. New York, NY.
Guillory, V. 1982. Fishes of the Lower Mississippi River Near St. Francisville, Louisiana. Proceedings of the Louisiana Academy of Sciences, Vol. XLV, 108-121.
Hall, G.E. 1956. Additions to the fish fauna of Oklahoma with a summary of introduced species. The Southwestern Naturalist 1(1):16-26.
Hubbs, C.L., and K. Bonham. 1951. New cyprinid fishes of the genus Notropis from Texas. Texas Journal of Science 5(2):91-110.
Hubbs, C., R.J. Edwards, and G.P. Garrett. 1991. An annotated checklist of freshwater fishes of Texas, with keys to identification of species. The Texas Journal of Science, Supplement 43(4):1-56.
Lee, D.S., C.R. Gilbert, C.H. Hocutt, R.E. Jenkins, D.E. McAllister, and J.R. Stauffer, Jr. 1980. Atlas of North American Freshwater Fishes. Volume 1980. North Carolina State Museum of Natural History, Raleigh.
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr. 1991. A Field Guide to Freshwater Fishes - North America North of Mexico. Volume 42. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, MA.
Red River Authority of Texas. 2001. Red and Canadian Basins Fish Inventory: Grayson County. Red River Authority of Texas.
Red River Authority of Texas. 2001. Red and Canadian Basins Fish Inventory: Cottle County. Red River Authority of Texas.
Red River Authority of Texas. 2001. Red and Canadian Basins Fish Inventory: Red River County. Red River Authority of Texas.
Robison, H.W. and T.M. Buchanan. 1988. Fishes of Arkansas. University of Arkansas Press, Fayetteville, AR.
Suttkus, R.D., and G.H. Clemmer. 1968. Notropis edwardraneyi, a new cyprinid fish from the Alabama and Tombigbee river systems and a discussion of related species. Tulane Studies in Zoology and Botany 15(1):18-39.
Yurgens, K.C. 1954. Records of our four cyprinid fishes of the genera Notropis and Semotilus from Central Texas. Copeia 1954(2):155-156.
Leo Nico, and Pam Fuller
Revision Date: 9/16/2011
Peer Review Date: 4/1/2016
Leo Nico, and Pam Fuller, 2020, Notropis potteri Hubbs and Bonham, 1951: U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?speciesID=606, Revision Date: 9/16/2011, Peer Review Date: 4/1/2016, Access Date: 1/28/2020
This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.