Ecology: Phenacobius mirabilis prefer temperatures from 5-25 °C, and pH levels between 6.5-7.8 (Page and Burr, 2011). They typically inhabit gravel riffles in clear to turbid creeks and rivers (Page and Burr, 1991).
Predators of Phenacobius mirabilis include yellow perch (Perca flavescens) and brown trout (Salmo trutta), but they are probably fed on by other piscivores (Quist et al., 2005). P. mirabilis will eat plankton and small invertebrates; chironomid larvae, tricopteran larvae, and chironomid pupae are prominent in their diet (Whitaker, 1977).
References: (click for full references)
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Becker, G.C. 1983. Fishes of Wisconsin. University of Madison Press, Madison, WI.
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Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr. 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. The Peterson Guide Series, vol. 42. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, MA.
Pflieger, W. 1997. The fishes of Missouri. Missouri Department of Environmental Conservation, Jefferson City, MO.
Quist, M., W. Hubert, F. Rahel. 2005. Fish Assemblage Following Impoundment of a Great Plains River. Western North American Naturalist, 65/1: 53-63
Sublette, J.E., M.D. Hatch, and M. Sublette. 1990. The fishes of New Mexico. University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque, NM.
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Underhill, J.C. 1986. The fish fauna of the Laurentian Great Lakes, the St. Lawrence lowlands, Newfoundland, and Labrador. 105-136 in C.H. Hocutt and E.O. Wiley, eds. The zoogeography of North American freshwater fishes. John Wiley and Sons, New York, NY.
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This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.