Common name: Salt Creek Pupfish
available through www.itis.gov
Identification: Moyle (1976a); Page and Burr (1991).
Size: 7.8 cm.
Native Range: Salt Creek, Death Valley, California (Page and Burr 1991).
Table 1. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Cyprinodon salinus are found here.
Table last updated 2/27/2023
† Populations may not be currently present.
Means of Introduction: Many of the early stockings were apparently part of a series of experiments to test the effects of changed environment on meristic and morphometric characters (Miller 1968). Some introductions were presumably for establishing additional populations of a rare species with limited distribution.
Status: According to Miller (1968) the Soda Lake introduction was one of two that proved successful. He found the pupfish to be abundant during a visit to River Springs in 1965. Similarly, Lee et al. (1980 et seq.) recorded the species as being established in both Soda Lake and River Springs. The other introductions apparently failed (Miller 1968).
Impact of Introduction: The impacts of this species are currently unknown, as no studies have been done to determine how it has affected ecosystems in the invaded range. The absence of data does not equate to lack of effects. It does, however, mean that research is required to evaluate effects before conclusions can be made.
References: (click for full references)
Lee, D. S., C. R. Gilbert, C. H. Hocutt, R. E. Jenkins, D. E. McAllister, and J. R. Stauffer, Jr. 1980 et seq. Atlas of North American freshwater fishes. North Carolina State Museum of Natural History, Raleigh, NC.
Page, L. M., and B. M. Burr. 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. The Peterson Field Guide Series, volume 42. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, MA.
Revision Date: 4/11/2006
Peer Review Date: 4/11/2006
Fuller, P., 2023, Cyprinodon salinus Miller, 1943: U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?speciesID=661, Revision Date: 4/11/2006, Peer Review Date: 4/11/2006, Access Date: 3/20/2023
This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.