References: (click for full references)
Childs, M.R., A.A. Echelle, and T.E. Dowling. 1996. Development of the hybrid swarm between Pecos pupfish (Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodon pecosensis
) and sheepshead minnow (Cyprinodon variegatus
): a perspective from allozymes and mtDNA. Evolution 50(5):2014-2022.
Echelle, A. A., and P. J. Connor. 1989. Rapid, geographically extensive genetic introgression after secondary contact between two pupfish species (Cyprinodon, Cyprinodontidae). Evolution 43(4):717-727.
Echelle, A.A., and A.F. Echelle. 1997. Genetic introgression of endemic taxa by non-natives: a case study with Leon Springs pupfish and sheepshead minnow. Conservation Biology 11(1):153-161
Echelle, A.F., and A.A. Echelle. 1994. Assessment of genetic introgression between two pupfish species, Cyprinodon elegans and C. variegatus (Cyprinodontidae), after more than 20 years of secondary contact. Copeia 1994(3):590-597.
Echelle, A.A., C.W. Hoagstrom, A.F. Echelle, and J.E. Brooks. 1997. Expanded occurrence of genetically introgressed pupfish (Cyprinodontidae: Cyprinodon pecoensis x C. variegatus) in New Mexico. Southwestern Naturalist 42:336-339.
Greenfield, D.W. and R.B. Grinols. 1965. Cyprinodon variegatus on the Olympic Peninsula, Washington. Copeia 1965(1):115-116.
Hubbs, C. 1980. Solution to the C. bovinus problem: eradication of a pupfish genome. Proceedings of the Desert Fishes Council 10:9-18.
Hubbs, C., R. J. Edwards, and G. P. Garrett. 1991. An annotated checklist of freshwater fishes of Texas, with key to identification of species. Texas Journal of Science, Supplement 43(4):1-56.
Hubbs, C., T. Luciere, G.P. Garrett, R.J. Edwards, S.M. Dean, and E. Marsh. 1978. Survival and abundance of introduced fishes near San Antonio, Texas. Texas Journal of Science 30(4):369-376.
Kennedy, S.E.1977. Life history of the Leon Springs pupfish, Cyprinodon bovinus. Copeia 1977(1):93-103.
Menhinick, E. F. 1991. The freshwater fishes of North Carolina. North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission. 227 pp.
Minckley, W.L., G.K. Meffe, and D.L. Soltz. 1991. Conservation and management of short-lived fishes: the cyprinodontoids, Chapter 15. 247-282 in Minckley, W.L., and J.E. Deacon, (eds.). Battle against extinction: native fish management in the American west. University of Arizona Press, Tucson, AZ.
Page, L. M., and B. M. Burr. 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. The Peterson Field Guide Series, volume 42. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, MA.
Smith, C.L. 1985. The inland fishes of New York State. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Albany, NY.
Stevenson, M.M. and T.M. Buchanan. 1973. An analysis of hybridization between the cyprinodont fishes Cyprinodon variegatus and Cyprinodon elegans. Copeia 1973(4):682-692.
Wilde, G.R., and A.A. Echelle. 1992. Genetic status of Pecos pupfish populations after establishment of a hybrid swarm involving an introduced congener. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 121(3):277-286.
Wilde, G.R., and A.A. Echelle. 1997. Morphological variation in intergrade pupfish populations from the Pecos River, Texas, USA. Journal of Fish Biology 50(3):523-539.
Wonham, M.J., J.T. Carlton, G.M. Ruiz, and L.D. Smith. 2000. Fish and ships: relating dispersal frequency to success in biological invasions. Marine Biology 136:1111-1121.
This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.