Common name: Amur pike
Synonyms and Other Names: blackspotted pike
available through www.itis.gov
Identification: Distinguishing characteristics, a key, and an illustration were provided by Berg (1948).
Size: 110 cm and 16 kg or more.
Native Range: Northeast Asia in the Amur River basin (Berg 1948; Nikolski 1956; Robins et al. 1991b).
Hydrologic Unit Codes (HUCs) Explained
Puerto Rico &
Interactive maps: Point Distribution Maps
Table 1. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Esox reichertii are found here.
Table last updated 12/6/2022
† Populations may not be currently present.
Means of Introduction: Intentionally stocked for sport fishing.
Status: Cooper (1983) reported Amur pike as established; however, Robins et al. (1991b) listed them as not established. T. Bender (personal communication) believes pure Amur pike are extirpated in Pennsylvania.
Impact of Introduction: The impacts of this species are currently unknown, as no studies have been done to determine how it has affected ecosystems in the invaded range. The absence of data does not equate to lack of effects. It does, however, mean that research is required to evaluate effects before conclusions can be made.
References: (click for full references)
Bender, T. - Pennsylvania Fish and Boat Commission, State College, PA.
Berg, L. S. 1948-1949. Freshwater fishes of the U.S.S.R. and adjacent countries, 4th edition. Three volumes. Translated from Russian, 1962-1965, for the Smithsonian Institution and the National Science Foundation, by Israel Program for Scientific Translations, Jerusalem, Israel. Volume 1:504 pp.; volume 2:496 pp.; volume 3:510 pp.
Cooper, E. L. 1983. Fishes of Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania State University Press, University Park, PA.
Denoncourt, R. F., T. B. Robbins, and R. Hesser. 1975a. Recent introductions and reintroductions to the Pennsylvania fish fauna of the Susquehanna River drainage above Conowingo Dam. Proceedings of the Pennsylvania Academy of Science 49:57-58.
Nikolski, G. V. 1956. Fishes of the Amur Basin. Moscow Academy of Science U.S.S.R. 551 pp.
Robins, C. R., R. M. Bailey, C. E. Bond, J. R. Brooker, E. A. Lachner, R. N. Lea, and W. B. Scott. 1991b. World fishes important to North Americans exclusive of species from the continental waters of the United States and Canada. American Fisheries Society Special Publication 21. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, MD. 243 pp.
Revision Date: 5/8/2019
Peer Review Date: 4/13/2006
Fuller, P., 2022, Esox reichertii Dybowski, 1869: U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?speciesID=682, Revision Date: 5/8/2019, Peer Review Date: 4/13/2006, Access Date: 12/7/2022
This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.