Common name: Snail Bullhead
available through www.itis.gov
Identification: Page and Burr (1991); Jenkins and Burkhead (1994); Mettee et al. (1996). Another commonly used name is Ictalurus brunneus.
Size: 29 cm.
Native Range: Atlantic Slope from the Pee Dee River drainage, southern Virginia, south to Altamaha River drainage, Georgia, and middle St. Johns River drainage, Florida; Gulf Slope in Apalachicola River basin, Georgia, Alabama, and Florida (Page and Burr 1991).
Table 1. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Ameiurus brunneus are found here.
Table last updated 2/27/2023
† Populations may not be currently present.
Means of Introduction: Introduction of Snail Bullheads may have resulted from stock contamination of black bullheads (Ameiurus melas) that were stocked in Belews Lake, North Carolina, on the upper Dan River (Burkhead et al. 1980). Unknown means in Georgia.
Status: Established in Georgia, North Carolina, and Virginia.
Impact of Introduction: The impacts of this species are currently unknown, as no studies have been done to determine how it has affected ecosystems in the invaded range. The absence of data does not equate to lack of effects. It does, however, mean that research is required to evaluate effects before conclusions can be made.
References: (click for full references)
Burkhead, N. M., R. E. Jenkins, and E. G. Maurakis. 1980. New records, distribution and diagnostic characters of Virginia ictalurid catfishes with an adnexed adipose fin. Brimleyana 4:75--93.
Etnier, D. - University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN.
Jenkins, R. E., and N. M. Burkhead. 1994. Freshwater fishes of Virginia. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, MD.
Jenkins, R. E. - Roanoke College, Roanoke, VA.
Lee, D. S., C. R. Gilbert, C. H. Hocutt, R. E. Jenkins, D. E. McAllister, and J. R. Stauffer, Jr. 1980 et seq. Atlas of North American freshwater fishes. North Carolina State Museum of Natural History, Raleigh, NC.
Menhinick, E. F. 1991. The freshwater fishes of North Carolina. North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission. 227 pp.
Mettee, M. F., P. E. O'Neil, and J. M. Pierson. 1996. Fishes of Alabama and the Mobile Basin. Oxmoor House, Inc. Birmingham, AL. 820 pp.
Page, L. M., and B. M. Burr. 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. The Peterson Field Guide Series, volume 42. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, MA.
Revision Date: 12/5/2003
Peer Review Date: 12/5/2003
Fuller, P., 2023, Ameiurus brunneus Jordan, 1877: U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?speciesID=728, Revision Date: 12/5/2003, Peer Review Date: 12/5/2003, Access Date: 3/24/2023
This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.