Common name: emperor
available through www.itis.gov
Identification: Specific identification of the individuals that were introduced into Hawaii unclear (Randall 1987).
Native Range: Unclear due to confusion surrounding specific identification.
Twelve individuals of an unidentified species were introduced to Kane'ohe Bay, O'ahu, Hawaii from the Marquesas in 1958 (Randall 1987; Mundy 2005).
Table 1. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Lethrinus sp. are found here.
Table last updated 9/30/2019
† Populations may not be currently present.
Means of Introduction: Stocked.
Status: Failed in Hawaii.
Impact of Introduction: The impacts of this species are currently unknown, as no studies have been done to determine how it has affected ecosystems in the invaded range. The absence of data does not equate to lack of effects. It does, however, mean that research is required to evaluate effects before conclusions can be made.
References: (click for full references)
Randall, J. E. 1987. Introductions of marine fishes to the Hawaiian Islands. Bulletin of Marine Science 41: 490-502.
Mundy, B. C. 2005. Checklist of Fishes of the Hawaiian Archipelago. Bishop Museum Bulletins in Zoology, Number 6.
Revision Date: 5/21/2019
Peer Review Date: 4/1/2016
Schofield, P.J., 2019, Lethrinus sp. Cuvier, 1829: U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?speciesID=759, Revision Date: 5/21/2019, Peer Review Date: 4/1/2016, Access Date: 11/16/2019
This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.