Common name: blacktail snapper
available through www.itis.gov
Identification: White to yellow body with a black caudal fin. Pectoral, pelvic, and anal fins are yellow.
Size: 40 cm
Native Range: Indo-Pacific region from Africa to Australia.
The blacktail snapper has been stocked in Pearl Harbor and marine waters off the island of Oahu where it has spread to all the islands (Maciolek 1984; Bishop Museum 2000). It has been collected in the Kaloko-Honokohau National Historic Park and the Puukohola Heiau National Historic Site on the big island of Hawaii (Tilmant 1999). Although it occurs throughout the Hawaiian archipelago, it is not not abundant in any locality (Mundy 2005; Schumacher and Parrish 2005).
Table 1. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Lutjanus fulvus are found here.
Table last updated 11/30/2023
† Populations may not be currently present.
Ecology: Inhabits warmwater coral reefs and mangrove areas.
Means of Introduction: Stocked by the Hawaiian Division of Fish and Game in the 1950s.
Status: Established throughout the Hawaiian archipelago; however, not abundant.
Impact of Introduction: The impacts of this species are currently unknown, as no studies have been done to determine how it has affected ecosystems in the invaded range. The absence of data does not equate to lack of effects. It does, however, mean that research is required to evaluate effects before conclusions can be made.
References: (click for full references)
Bishop Museum. 2000. Pearl Harbor Legacy Project. Available at URL http://hbs.bishopmuseum.org/pdf/PHReport.pdf
Maciolek, J.A. 1984. Exotic Fishes in Hawaii and Other Islands of Oceania, p. 131-161, in W.R. Courtaney, Jr. and J.R. Stauffer, Jr. (eds). Distribution, Biology, and Management of Exotic Fishes. John Hopkins Press University Press, Baltimore, MD.
Mundy, B. C. 2005. Checklist of Fishes of the Hawaiian Archipelago. Bishop Museum Bulletins in Zoology, Number 6.
Schumacher, B. D. and J. D. Parrish. 2005. Spatial relationships between an introduced snapper and native goatfishes on Hawaiian reefs. Biological Invasions 7: 925-933.
Tilmant, J.T. 1999. Management of nonindigenous aquatic fish in the U.S. National Park System. National Park Service. 50 pp.
Pam Fuller, and Pamela J. Schofield
Revision Date: 6/29/2023
Peer Review Date: 3/12/2006
Pam Fuller, and Pamela J. Schofield, 2023, Lutjanus fulvus (Forster in Bloch and Schneider, 1801): U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?speciesID=771, Revision Date: 6/29/2023, Peer Review Date: 3/12/2006, Access Date: 11/30/2023
This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.