The Nonindigenous Occurrences section of the NAS species profiles has a new structure. The section is now dynamically updated from the NAS database to ensure that it contains the most current and accurate information. Occurrences are summarized in Table 1, alphabetically by state, with years of earliest and most recent observations, and the tally and names of drainages where the species was observed. The table contains hyperlinks to collections tables of specimens based on the states, years, and drainages selected. References to specimens that were not obtained through sighting reports and personal communications are found through the hyperlink in the Table 1 caption or through the individual specimens linked in the collections tables.

Lutjanus gibbus
Lutjanus gibbus
(humpback snapper)
Marine Fishes

Copyright Info
Lutjanus gibbus (Forsskål, 1775)

Common name: humpback snapper

Taxonomy: available through www.itis.govITIS logo

Native Range: Indo-Pacific from east Africa and the Red Sea to Indonesia, the Ryuku and Ogasawara Islands, northern Australia, New Caledonai, Micronesia, the Line Islands, the Tuamotu Archipelago and the Marquesas.

Interactive maps: Point Distribution Maps

Nonindigenous Occurrences: The species was introduced to O'ahu, Hawaii from the Marquesas in 1958.

Table 1. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Lutjanus gibbus are found here.

StateFirst ObservedLast ObservedTotal HUCs with observations†HUCs with observations†

Table last updated 6/26/2022

† Populations may not be currently present.

Ecology: A coral-reef associate, found at depths from 1 to 150 m (Mundy 2005).

Means of Introduction: Stocked for fisheries enhancement.

Status: Although considered established in Hawaii shortly after its introduction, only a few scattered specimens were taken in the 1980s and early 1990s.  The lack of specimens since the early 1990s casts doubt on the current status of the species in the Hawaiian islands (Mundy 2005).

Impact of Introduction: The impacts of this species are currently unknown, as no studies have been done to determine how it has affected ecosystems in the invaded range. The absence of data does not equate to lack of effects. It does, however, mean that research is required to evaluate effects before conclusions can be made.

References: (click for full references)

Mundy, B. C.  2005.  A Checklist of the Fishes of the Hawaiian Archipelago.  Bishop Museum Bulletin in Zoology, Number 6.

Other Resources:
FishBase Summary

Author: Schofield, P.J.

Revision Date: 4/19/2006

Peer Review Date: 4/19/2006

Citation Information:
Schofield, P.J., 2022, Lutjanus gibbus (Forsskål, 1775): U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?speciesID=772, Revision Date: 4/19/2006, Peer Review Date: 4/19/2006, Access Date: 6/29/2022

This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.


The data represented on this site vary in accuracy, scale, completeness, extent of coverage and origin. It is the user's responsibility to use these data consistent with their intended purpose and within stated limitations. We highly recommend reviewing metadata files prior to interpreting these data.

Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2022]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [6/29/2022].

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