Percina macrolepida
Percina macrolepida
(Bigscale Logperch)
Native Transplant
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Percina macrolepida Stevenson, 1971

Common name: Bigscale Logperch

Taxonomy: available through www.itis.govITIS logo

Identification: Sturgess (1976); Page (1983); Sublette et al. (1990); Hubbs et al. (1991); Page and Burr (1991).

Size: 11 cm.

Native Range: From Sabine River, Louisiana, and Red River, Oklahoma, to Rio Grande drainage, Texas, New Mexico, and Mexico (Page and Burr 1991). Stevenson and Thompson (1978) reviewed the distribution of this species.

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Native range data for this species provided in part by NatureServe NS logo
Interactive maps: Point Distribution Maps

Nonindigenous Occurrences: This species was originally introduced into the Sacramento River drainage in Miller, Blackweld, and Polk lakes on Beale Air Force Base, Yuba County, California in 1953 (McKechnie 1966c; Moyle et al. 1974). It is established in the Sacramento-San Joaquin basin as well as in Silverwood, Pyramid, Castaic, and Irvine lakes in southern California and the Lower Sacramento drainage since 1988 (Moyle et al. 1974; Page and Burr 1991; Swift et al. 1993; Sommer et al. 2001; Moyle 2002). Collected in and Yolo Bypass (Sommer et al. 2001).  This species is also established in California in the Del Valle Reservoir, Tulare-Buena Vista, Suisun Bay, and Antelope-Fremont Valleys drainages (Moyle et al. 1974; Moyle and Randall 1999; Matern et al. 2002). Although the species was reported as P. caprodes (Ellis 1974; Wiltzius 1985), it was actually P. macrolepida that was introduced into Two Buttes Reservoir, Baca County, Colorado (Behnke, personal communication via S. Flickinger). The Bigscale Logperch has also been introduced into Ute Reservoir in Quay County, New Mexico (Sublette et al. 1990). Cashner and Matthews (1988) suspected that this species was introduced into several sites in Oklahoma, including the Washita River in Custer County, the North Canadian River in Woodward County, Fort Supply Lake in Woodward County, and possibly into Lake Optima in Texas County (Cashner and Matthews 1988).

Means of Introduction: Unintentional. The Bigscale Logperch was introduced into California with contaminated stock from the Trinity River, Texas, in 1953 (Dill and Cordone 1997; Moyle 2002). These introductions were carried out by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service during intentional stocking of largemouth bass and bluegill (McKechnie 1966). This percid subsequently entered the Del Valle Reservoir, Alameda County, California, via the Tracy pumping plant and the South Bay Aqueduct (Farley 1972; Moyle et al. 1974; Dill and Cordone 1997). It was introduced by bait bucket into New Mexico (Sublette et al. 1990). The Colorado introduction was the result of stock contamination of fishes transplanted from Texas prior to 1952 (Ellis 1974; Wiltzius 1985).

Status: Established and expanding in California. Since its original introduction, the Bigscale Logperch has extended its range southward into the San Joaquin drainage (Farley 1972; Dill and Cordone 1997); and northward into the Yuba, Sacramento and Feather rivers (Boles 1976). Established in New Mexico, and presumably in Oklahoma. Probably extirpated in Colorado. Two Buttes Reservoir has been periodically dry since 1979 (C. Bennett, personal communication).

Impact of Introduction: Largely unknown. The species reportedly feed on eggs of centrarchids (Moyle et al. 1974).

Remarks: Lee et al. (1980 et seq.) considered the Washita River, Oklahoma population to be native. They did not map the other Oklahoma sites. Specimens from Lake Optima, Oklahoma have not been positively identified but are reportedly logperch and well outside the native range of both P. caprodes and P. macrolepida (Cashner and Matthews 1988). Prior to 1976 many authors including Shapovalov et al. (1959), McKechnie (1966), Farley (1972), and Moyle et al. (1974), referred to introductions of this species and reported them as P. caprodes. Since that time P. macrolepida was described as distinct from P. caprodes. Sturgess (1976) determined the species in California was actually P. macrolepida and not P. caprodes. Moyle et al. (1974) and Moyle (2002) provided a map showing the range of the Bigscale Logperch in California and Dill and Cordone (1997) gave an overview of the species' history in that state.

References: (click for full references)

Boles, G.L. 1976. A range extension for the logperch, Percina macrolepida, in California. California Fish and Game 62(2):154.

Cashner, R.C., and W.J. Matthews. 1988. Changes in the known Oklahoma fish fauna from 1973 to 1988. Proceedings of the Oklahoma Academy of Science 68:1-7.

Dill, W.A., and A.J. Cordone. 1997. History and status of introduced fishes in California, 1871-1996. California Department of Fish and Game Fish Bulletin, volume 178.

Ellis, M.M. 1974. Fishes of Colorado. University of Colorado Studies 11(1):1-136.

Farley, D.G. 1972. A range extension of the logperch. California Fish and Game 58(3):248.

Hubbs, C., R.J. Edwards, and G.P. Garrett. 1991. An annotated checklist of freshwater fishes of Texas, with keys to identification of species. The Texas Journal of Science 43(4):1-56.

Lee, D.S., C.R. Gilbert, C.H. Hocutt, R.E. Jenkins, D.E. McAllister, and J.R. Stauffer, Jr. 1980. Atlas of North American freshwater fishes. North Carolina State Museum of Natural History, Raleigh, NC.

Matern, S.A., P.B. Moyle, and L.C. Pierce. 2002. Native and alien fishes in a California estuarine marsh: twenty-one years of changing assemblages. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society. 131: 797-816.

McKechnie, R.J. 1966. Logperch. 530-531 in A. Calhoun, ed. Inland Fisheries Management. California Department of Fish and Game.

Moyle, P.B. 2002. Inland fishes of California. 2nd edition. University of California Press, Berkeley, CA.

Moyle, P.B., F.W. Fisher, and H. Li. 1974. Mississippi silversides and logperch in the Sacramento-San Joaquin River system. California Department of Fish and Game. 60(2): 145-147.

Moyle, P.B. and J. Randall. 1999. Distribution maps of fishes in California. [on-line] Available URL at

Page, L.M. 1983. Handbook of darters. T.F.H., Inc., Neptune City, NJ.

Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr. 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. The Peterson Guide Series, vol. 42. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, MA.

Shapovalov, L., W.A. Dill, and A.J. Cordone. 1959. A revised check list of the freshwater and anadromous fishes of California. California Fish and Game 45(3):159-180.

Sommer, T, B. Harrell, M. Nobriga, R. Brown, P. Moyle, W. Kimmerer, and L. Schemel. 2001. California's Yolo Bypass: Evidence that flood control can be compatible with fisheries, wetlands, wildlife, and agriculture. Fisheries. American Fisheries Society. 26 (8): 6-16.

Stevenson, M.M., and B.A. Thomson. 1978. Further distribution recoreds for the bigscale logperch, Percina macrolepida (Osteichthys: Percidae) from Oklahoma, Texas, and Louisiana, with notes on its occurrence in California. Southwestern Naturalist 23:303-313.

Sturgess, J.A. 1976. Taxonomic status of Percina in California. California Fish and Game 62(1):79-81.

Sublette, J.E., M.D. Hatch, and M. Sublette. 1990. The fishes of New Mexico. University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque, NM.

Swift, C.C., T.R. Haglund, M. Ruiz, and R.N. Fisher. 1993. The status and distribution of the freshwater fishes of southern California. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 92(3):101-167.

Wiltzius, W.J. 1985. Fish culture and stocking in Colorado, 1872-1978. Colorado Division of Wildlife, Division Report no. 12, Denver, CO.

Other Resources:
FishBase Summary

Author: Fuller, P.

Revision Date: 8/24/2012

Peer Review Date: 4/1/2016

Citation Information:
Fuller, P., 2018, Percina macrolepida Stevenson, 1971: U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL,, Revision Date: 8/24/2012, Peer Review Date: 4/1/2016, Access Date: 3/22/2018

This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.

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Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2018]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [3/22/2018].

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