Common name: Blackside Darter
available through www.itis.gov
Identification: Becker (1983); Smith (1985); Page and Burr (1991); Etnier and Starnes (1993).
Size: 11 cm.
Native Range: Great Lakes, Hudson Bay, and Mississippi River basins from southern Ontario and New York to southeastern Saskatchewan and south to Louisiana; Gulf drainages from Mobile Bay, Alabama to Calcasieu River, Louisiana (Page and Burr 1991). Populations in North Carolina have been described as P. gymnocephala.
Table 1. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Percina maculata are found here.
Table last updated 2/27/2023
† Populations may not be currently present.
Means of Introduction: Unknown; possible bait bucket release; although Becker (1983) reported it is not a bait fish.
Status: Collected only once from the upper Red Cedar drainage prior to 1935 (Becker 1983). Recently introduced into the upper St. Croix-Namekagon (Becker 1983), where it is apparently established.
Impact of Introduction: The impacts of this species are currently unknown, as no studies have been done to determine how it has affected ecosystems in the invaded range. The absence of data does not equate to lack of effects. It does, however, mean that research is required to evaluate effects before conclusions can be made.
References: (click for full references)
Becker, G.C. 1983. Fishes of Wisconsin. University of Madison Press, Madison, WI.
Etnier, D.A., and W.C. Starnes. 1993. The fishes of Tenneessee. University of Tennessee Press, Knoxville, TN.
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr. 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. The Peterson Guide Series, vol. 42. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, MA.
Smith, C.L. 1985. The inland fishes of New York State. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Albany, NY.
Texas Freshwater Fishes
(Texas State University San Marcos)
Pam Fuller, and Matt Neilson
Revision Date: 8/8/2011
Peer Review Date: 8/8/2011
Pam Fuller, and Matt Neilson, 2023, Percina maculata (Girard, 1859): U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?speciesID=823, Revision Date: 8/8/2011, Peer Review Date: 8/8/2011, Access Date: 3/20/2023
This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.