Common name: Sauger
available through www.itis.gov
Identification: Becker (1983); Page and Burr (1991); Etnier and Starnes (1993); Jenkins and Burkhead (1994). Reasons for changing the generic name from Stizostedion to Sander are given in Nelson et al. 2003. The specific name is changed from canadense to canadensis to agree with the masculine Sander (Nelson et al. 2004).
Size: 76 cm.
Native Range: St. Lawrence-Great Lakes, Hudson Bay, and Mississippi River basins from Quebec to Alberta, and south to northern Alabama and Louisiana (Page and Burr 1991).
Table 1. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Sander canadensis are found here.
Table last updated 9/23/2023
† Populations may not be currently present.
Means of Introduction: Intentionally stocked for sportfishing in most areas. Introductions in the Lake Michigan drainage of Wisconsin are likely due to an canal connection linking the Wisconsin drainage to the Fox drainage.
Status: Established in Arkansas, Georgia, Idaho, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Mississippi, North Dakota, South Carolina, Texas, and Wisconsin. Reported from Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, and Nebraska. Extirpated in North Carolina. Unknown in other areas.
Impact of Introduction: Sauger compete with walleye where both species coexist, but are generally out-competed by the walleye except in highly turbid waters where the Saugers' eyes are better adapted (Schneider et al. 2007).
References: (click for full references)
Nelson, J. S., E. J. Crossman, H. Espinosa-Perez, L. T. Findley, C. R. Giilbert, R. N. Lea and J. D. Williams. 2003. The "Names of Fishes" list, including recommendations in fish names: Chinook salmon for chinook salmon, and Sander
to replace Stizostedion
for the sauger and walleye. Fisheries. 28(7): 38-39.
Nelson, J. S., E. J. Crossman, H. Espinosa-Perez, L. T. Findley, C. R. Gilbert, R. N. Lea and J. D. Williams. 2004. Common and Scientific Names of Fishes from the United States, Canada and Mexico, Sixth Edition. American Fisheries Society Special Publication 29. Bethesda, MD.
Schneider, J.C., R.P. O'Neal, and R.D. Clark, Jr. 2007. Ecology, management, and status of walleye, sauger, and yellow perch in Michigan. State of Michigan Department of Natural Resources Special Report 41. 86 pp.
United States Environmental Protection Agency. 2009. STORET database http://www.epa.gov/storet/ accessed 6/17/09
Pam Fuller, and Matt Cannister
Revision Date: 8/15/2019
Peer Review Date: 2/21/2011
Pam Fuller, and Matt Cannister, 2023, Sander canadensis (Griffith and Smith, 1834): U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?speciesID=828, Revision Date: 8/15/2019, Peer Review Date: 2/21/2011, Access Date: 9/23/2023
This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.