Common name: Spot
available through www.itis.gov
Identification: Hoese and Moore (1977); Manooch (1984); Robins and Ray (1986).
Size: 36 cm.
Native Range: Marine. Massachusetts to northern Mexico; absent from southern Florida (Robins and Ray 1986).
Hydrologic Unit Codes (HUCs) Explained
Puerto Rico &
Interactive maps: Point Distribution Maps
Spot from coastal Texas waters reportedly was introduced to inland waters in Texas prior to 1992 (probably in the 1950s or 1960s) (Howells and Garrett 1992).
Table 1. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Leiostomus xanthurus are found here.
Table last updated 5/25/2018
† Populations may not be currently present.
* HUCs are not listed for states where the observation(s) cannot be approximated to a HUC (e.g. state centroids or Canadian provinces).
Means of Introduction: Intentionally stocked as a sport fish.
Status: The introduction failed.
Impact of Introduction: The impacts of this species are currently unknown, as no studies have been done to determine how it has affected ecosystems in the invaded range. The absence of data does not equate to lack of effects. It does, however, mean that research is required to evaluate effects before conclusions can be made.
References: (click for full references)
Howells, R. G., and G. P. Garrett. 1992. Status of some exotic sport fishes in Texas waters. Texas Journal of Science 44(3):317-324.
Robins, C. R., G. C. Ray, and J. Douglass. 1986. A field guide to Atlantic Coast fishes of North America. The Peterson Guide Series, volume 32. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, MA.
Revision Date: 4/30/2018
Peer Review Date: 4/1/2016
Fuller, P., 2019, Leiostomus xanthurus Lacepède, 1802: U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?speciesID=953, Revision Date: 4/30/2018, Peer Review Date: 4/1/2016, Access Date: 5/24/2019
This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.