Common name: Warpaint Shiner
available through www.itis.gov
Identification: Gilbert (1964); Page and Burr (1991); Etnier and Starnes (1993); Jenkins and Burkhead (1994); another commonly used name is Notropis coccogenis.
Size: 14 cm.
Native Range: Upper Tennessee River drainage, western Virginia, western North Carolina, Tennessee, northern Georgia, and northern Alabama, and adjacent tributaries of the Savannah River in North and South Carolina (Page and Burr 1991). Also found in the Catawba, Broad, and Savannah drainages in North Carolina (Menhinick 1991
Table 1. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Luxilus coccogenis are found here.
Table last updated 1/29/2023
† Populations may not be currently present.
Means of Introduction: Unknown; probable bait bucket release.
Status: Established in Santee drainage, South Carolina; reported, possibly established in the New River drainage, North Carolina; reported from the New River drainage in Virginia.
Impact of Introduction: The impacts of this species are currently unknown, as no studies have been done to determine how it has affected ecosystems in the invaded range. The absence of data does not equate to lack of effects. It does, however, mean that research is required to evaluate effects before conclusions can be made.
References: (click for full references)
Hocutt, C.H., R.E. Jenkins, and J.R. Stauffer, Jr. 1986. Zoogeography of the Fishes of the Central Appalachians and Central Atlantic Coastal Plain. In C.H. Hocutt and E.O. Wiley, eds. The Zoogeography of North American Freshwater Fishes. 161-212.
Rohde, F. C., R. G. Arndt, J. W. Foltz, and J. M. Quattro. 2009. Freshwater Fishes of South Carolin. University of South Carolina Press, Columbia, SC. 430 pp.
Leo Nico, and Pam Fuller
Revision Date: 7/2/2019
Peer Review Date: 9/3/2013
Leo Nico, and Pam Fuller, 2023, Luxilus coccogenis (Cope, 1868): U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/factsheet.aspx?SpeciesID=562, Revision Date: 7/2/2019, Peer Review Date: 9/3/2013, Access Date: 1/30/2023
This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.